BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English - Course Pack 2

BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English - Course Pack 2

Shantel Ivits

BCcampus

Victoria, B.C.

Contents

1

About BCcampus Open Education

BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Course Pack 2  was created by Shantel Ivits and supported by BCcampus Open Education.

BCcampus Open Education began in 2012 as the B.C. Open Textbook Project with the goal of making post-secondary education in British Columbia more accessible by reducing student costs through the use of openly licenced textbooks and other OER. BCcampus supports the post-secondary institutions of British Columbia as they adapt and evolve their teaching and learning practices to enable powerful learning opportunities for the students of B.C. BCcampus Open Education is funded by the British Columbia Ministry of Advanced Education, Skills & Training, and the Hewlett Foundation.

Open textbooks are open educational resources (OER) created and shared in ways so that more people have access to them. This is a different model than traditionally copyrighted materials. OER are defined as teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others."Open Educational Resources," Hewlett Foundation, https://hewlett.org/strategy/open-educational-resources/ (accessed September 27, 2018). Our open textbooks are openly licensed using a Creative Commons licence, and are offered in various e-book formats free of charge, or as printed books that are available at cost. For more information about this project, please contact helpdesk@bccampus.ca. If you are an instructor who is using this book for a course, please fill out our Adoption of an Open Textbook form.

2

Acknowledgments

These books were developed on the unceded territories of the Musqueam, Squamish, and Tsleil-Waututh Nations. Huy tseep q’u! Chen kw’enmántumiyap! Kw’as hoy!

I feel very fortunate to have had the opportunity to work on this project alongside a dedicated team of basic education instructors from across British Columbia. This series was shepherded by Leanne Caillier-Smith (College of the Rockies) and benefited enormously from the insight and encouragement of Julia Dodge (University of the Fraser Valley), Chandra McCann (Okanagan College), Jan Weiten (Vancouver Community College), and Melinda Worfolk (College of New Caledonia). The above five mentioned are representatives of the BC Adult Literacy Articulation Committee and were the advisory committee members for this project. It has been a pleasure to scaffold my own learning among such brilliant and passionate educators.

Huge thanks to Lauri Aesoph of BCcampus for introducing me to the exciting open textbook movement and managing all aspects of the publication of these books — from layout and image selection to copyediting and print — so adeptly.

I am incredibly lucky to work with and have the support of the Basic Education Department at Vancouver Community College: Rita Acton, Cynthia Bluman, Andrew Candela, Lynn Horvat, Alayna Kruger, Jo Lemay, Edie Mackenzie, Rene Merkel, Tara Mollel, Leah Rasmussen, Linda Rider, Mary Thompson-Boyd, Jan Weiten, and our Dean, David Wells. I am also deeply grateful to the basic education students at Vancouver Community College for all that you teach me about dreams, resilience, and perseverance.

A special thank you to my partner, Marria, for always lending my words an eager ear, and for keeping the world around me turning even though my head was perpetually stuck in these books.

3

Notes to the Instructor

The poetry of Langston Hughes has an appeal that reaches from the carpets of kindergarten classrooms to the lecture halls of universities. There is elegance in its simplicity. That is why I chose to make the life and poetry of Langston Hughes the central focus of this course pack and its accompanying reader.

This level 2 course pack, one of a series of six course packs, is roughly equivalent to Grades 1.5 to 3 in the K-12 system. It is designed to accompany the BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 2. This reader contains eight chapters written specifically for adults. The chapters take a journey through Langston Hughes’ family history and personal life. I have included excerpts from many of Hughes’ poems. I encourage you to locate full versions of these poems in books or on the web, as full versions could not be published in these books for copyright reasons. During this unit, I also recommend reading Hughes’ excellent short story Thank You, Ma’am with your students.

For an overview of the contents of this course pack, please refer to the Level 2 Scope & Sequence in Appendix 2.

The online version of the course pack contains audio recordings of each story in the reader. These recordings, combined with vocabulary and word pattern exercises, prepare the Level 2 student to read each chapter with greater independence.

Depending on a learner’s readiness, you may wish to use the sentences in the Word Pattern sections as dictations.

I recommend using these books alongside a structured phonics program, such as the Wilson Reading System.

Font size and line spacing can be adjusted in the online view, and have been enhanced for the print and PDF versions for easier reading. This reader has been reviewed by subject experts from colleges and universities.

I hope these pages help ignite in your students a lifelong love of poetry and prose.

-Shantel Ivits

1

Chapter 1

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Read sight words and functional words
  • Read long /e/ word patterns
  • Read simple texts
  • Identify main ideas, characters, and events from a reading
  • State your opinion on a reading
  • Use end punctuation

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

poem writer-795286_640 globe-32299_640
poem poet world
eyes-149670_640 black candy-575439_640
eyes black treat
community-150124_640 alive white
people alive white
clock-359985_640
time
Put the above words in alphabetical order.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Make a sentence using one of the above words.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Ask your instructor to check your work.

Word Skills

Word Patterns

The letters a, e, i, o, and u are called vowels. Vowels can make a short sound or a long sound.

The short /e/ says /e/ like in Expo.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5e/Expo86logo.svg

The long /e/ says /ē/ like in jeep.

https://pixabay.com/en/jeep-green-automobile-38022/

The long /e/ sound can be spelled with the letters ee and ea.

Practice reading these long /e/ words.
ee ea
keep pea
need sea
free tea
see eat
three please
tree mean
beef read
feel weak
meet
Find a word above that matches each picture.
teabag-549799_640 tree-576847_640 fiji-293826_640
1. ____________ 2. ____________ 3. ____________
read-791767_640 handshake-220233_640 cheeseburger-525047_640
4. ____________ 5. ____________ 6. ____________
pay-634912_640 peas-146742_640 kid-635811_640
7. ____________ 8. ____________ 9. ____________
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read each sentence. Then cover it up. Try to write it. Use upper case letters correctly. Use periods and question marks correctly.

a. It was good to meet you.

____________________________________________

b. Do you need a cup of tea?

____________________________________________

c. She does not eat beef.

____________________________________________

d. He likes to read by the sea.

____________________________________________

e. I feel weak.

____________________________________________

You will see these words in the story. They all have the /ē/ sound, like jeep.

feel see need treat

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to Chapter 1. Then read Chapter 1 in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 2As you read, ask yourself “Does that sound right?” Go back and read it again if it does not sound right.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf2/?p=5

Check Your Understanding

Read each question. Find the best answer in the shaded textbox below. Copy it onto the line.

1. Who was Langston Hughes?
__________________________________________

2. What are Langston’s poems about?
__________________________________________

3. Why do we still need Langston’s poems?
__________________________________________

4. Where can you find more poems by Langston Hughes?
__________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Answers

  • We still need Langston’s poems because many people still do not treat black people well.
  • You can find more poems by Langston Hughes in books or on the web.
  • Langston Hughes was a black poet.
  • Langston’s poems were about making a better world where black people were treated well.
Talk about these questions with a partner.

5. Why do you think some people like poems?

6. Why do you think some people do not like poems?

Writing

Grammar Rule

A sentence can be a question or a statement.

question asks for information. A question ends with a question mark.

What is your name? – YES

What is your name – NO

What is your name. – NO

Questions often begin with one of these words: who, what, where, when, why, or how.

statement gives information. A statement ends with a period.

My name is Ted.  – YES

My name is Ted  – NO

Is each sentence a question or a statement? Add a question mark to the end of the questions. Put a period at the end of the statements.

1.  What book did you read

2. Where did I put my pen

3. This tea was free

4. I cannot see where I am going

5. The cat is up the tree

6. How do you feel

7. Who did you meet

8. He has big feet

9. She lives by the sea

10. Why is he so mean

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing Task

You will write a poem with your class. Your instructor will ask each person in your class these questions. Your instructor will put your answers on the board.

1. What neighbourhood do you live in?
2. Think of your favourite colour. Describe something that is that colour.
3. What kind of music do you like?
4. Describe your favourite outfit.
5. What is your dream job?
6. What do you dream about when you sleep?
7. What do you like about yourself?

As a class, take the sentences on the board and make a poem. Begin each line of your poem with the words “I am” or “We are.” See Appendix 1 to get an idea of how to build your poem.

Write the poem in your notebook.

Take turns reading your class poem.

Answer Key

Picture Dictionary
alive black eyes
people poem poet
time treat white
world
Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
1 tea
2 tree
3 sea
4 read
5 meet
6 beef
7 three
8 pea
9 eat
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Langston Hughes was a black poet.
2 Langston’s poems were about making a better world where black people were treated well.
3 We still need Langston’s poems because many people still do not treat black people well.
4 You can find more poems by Langston Hughes in books or on the web.
Writing
QUESTION ANSWER
1 What book did you read?
2 Where did I put my pen?
3 This tea was free.
4 I cannot see where I am going.
5 The cat is up the tree.
6 How do you feel?
7 Who did you meet?
8 He has big feet.
9 She lives by the sea.
10 Why is he so mean?

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

2

Chapter 2

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Read sight words and functional words
  • Read words with blends
  • Read simple texts
  • Use context clues to figure out words
  • Identify main ideas, characters, and events from a reading
  • Use end punctuation
  • Write complete sentences

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

 slave long female-822215_640
slave long wrote
construction-659898_640 children-585730_640 gentleman-152768_640
labor children husband
house-435618_640 helmet-158268_640 https://pixabay.com/en/hand-hands-shaking-hands-man-hand-861275/
sold safety respect
bride-312158_640
marry
Put the above words in alphabetical order.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Make a sentence using one of the above words.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Ask your instructor to check your work.

Word Skills

Word Patterns

A consonant is any letter that is not a vowel. For example, the letters b, c, d, f, g, h, and j are consonants. A blend is when two consonants go together and each consonant makes a sound.

The letters dr in drip are a blend.

https://pixabay.com/en/water-drip-drop-blue-macro-90781/

Practice reading these words.
club

sled

swim

stop

drill

belt

gift

list

mask

jump

milk

nest

Match each word to a picture.
box-25203_640 gift-575400_640 basketball-147657_640
1. _____________ 2. _____________ 3. _____________
belt-139757_640 card-157402_640 mask-308328_640
4. _____________ 5. _____________ 6. _____________
sledge-145993_640 drill-309997_640 swimmer-309596_640
7. _____________ 8. _____________ 9. _____________
birds-nest-788680_640 clipboard-311168_640 stop-sign-37020_640-2
10. _____________ 11. _____________ 12. _____________
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read each sentence. Then cover it up. Try to write it. Use upper case letters correctly. Use periods and question marks correctly.

a. The gift was a big sled.
_______________________________________________

b. There is a nest in the tree.
_______________________________________________

c. Milk is on my list.
_______________________________________________

d. Do not jump on the bed.
_______________________________________________

e. Stop the car.
_______________________________________________

You will see these words in the story. They all have a blend.

Langston from long black
work slaves part sold
respect great grandmother free

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to Chapter 2. Then read Chapter 2 in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 2. As you read each sentence, ask yourself, “Does that make sense?” Go back and read the sentence again if it does not make sense.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf2/?p=21

Check Your Understanding

1. Are these sentences true or false? Circle true or false.
a. Langston Hughes was from Canada.

b. Langston Hughes was a slave.

c. Lucy Langston was a slave.

d. Lucy Langston was set free by her owner.

e. Lucy Langston married the white man who was her owner.

true          false

true          false

true          false

true          false

true          false

2. Read the first line of the poem, “I am the one who labored as a slave.” What do you think “labored” means?

a. sang

b. worked

c. played

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing

Grammar Rule

A sentence can be a question or a statement.

question asks for information. It ends with a question mark.

Do you like my shoes?  – YES

Do you like my shoes  – NO

Do you like my shoes.  – NO

Questions can begin with words like do, did, can, are, is, and will.

An order tells someone what to do. An order ends with a period.

Make your bed.  – YES

Make your bed  – NO

Is each sentence a question or an order? Put a question mark at the end of the questions. Put a period at the end of the orders.

1. Pass the milk

2. Did you get me a gift

3. Will you join our club

4. Can I use your drill

5. Do you have a sled

6. Make a list before you shop

7. Stop yelling at me

8. Is this her belt

9. Are we there yet

10. Swim to the end of the pool

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing Task

Your instructor will read you a poem called “The Dream Keeper.” Think of the dreams you have. You may have dreams for:

  • Your job
  • Your body
  • Your mind
  • Your family
  • Your friends
  • The world

Write a sentence about each dream. Begin each sentence with an upper case letter. End each sentence with a period or question mark.

Answer Key

Picture Dictionary
children husband labor
long marry respect
safety slave sold
wrote
Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
 1 milk
2 gift
3 jump
4 belt
5 club
6 mask
7 sled
8 drill
9 swim
10 nest
11 list
12 stop
Check Your Understanding
QUESTION  ANSWER
1a false
1b false
1c true
1d true
1e false
2 b. worked
Writing
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Pass the milk.
2 Did you get me a gift?
3 Will you join our club?
4 Can I use your drill?
5 Do you have a sled?
6 Make a list before you shop.
7 Stop yelling at me.
8 Is this her belt?
9 Are we there yet?
10 Swim to the end of the pool.

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

3

Chapter 3

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Read sight words and functional words
  • Read long /o/ word patterns
  • Write some long /o/ words
  • Read simple texts
  • Identify main ideas, characters, and events from a reading
  • Use context clues to figure out words
  • State your opinion on a reading
  • Use upper case letters for the beginning of a sentence and the word I
  • Write complete sentences
  • Write a short paragraph

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

 floating-ring-160536_640 owner canada-159585_640
help owner Canada
 jail-house-304912_640 gavel-568417_640 schoolhouse-49010_640
jail law school
 dishes-798316_640 ballot-160569_640  father-682663_640
restaurants vote daughter
 mother-429158_640
mother
Put the above words in alphabetical order.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Make a sentence using one of the above words.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Ask your instructor to check your work.

Word Skills

Word Patterns

The letters a, e, i, o, and u are vowels. Vowels can make a short sound or a long sound.

The short /o/ makes the /o/ sound like in octopus.

https://pixabay.com/en/octopus-purple-tentacle-squid-sea-311705/

The long /o/ makes the /ō/ sound like in no.

bad-157437_640

The long /o/ sound can be spelled with the letters oa, ow, and o_e.

Practice reading these words.
oa ow o_e
road mow hole
soap low joke
toast blow rose
coal throw robe
coat bone
boat rope
goat rose
Match each picture to a word from above.
bones-307870_640 image https://pixabay.com/en/brown-view-barn-farm-goat-side-44670/
1. _______________ 2. _______________ 3. _______________
woman-586185_640 https://pixabay.com/en/coat-clothing-long-fashion-winter-310158/ rose-695215_640
4. _______________ 5. _______________ 6. _______________
dishwashing-detergent-154103_640 cord-48123_640 lance-150317_640
7. _______________ 8. _______________ 9. _______________
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read each sentence. Then cover it up. Try to write it. Use upper case letters correctly. Use periods and question marks correctly.

a. Throw the dog a bone.
_______________________________________________

b. Where did I put my coat?
_______________________________________________

c. Look out for the hole in the road.
_______________________________________________

d. I need to blow my nose.
_______________________________________________

e. Want to go on my boat?
_______________________________________________

You will see these words in the story. They all have the /ō/ sound, like no.

own owners tomorrow vote wrote

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to Chapter 3. Then read Chapter 3 in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 2. When you see a word you do not know, ask yourself, “What word would make sense here?” Read on if you are not sure. Then go back and think about what word would make sense.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf2/?p=23

Check Your Understanding

1. Why was Charles Langston put in jail?

Charles Langston was put in jail because _________________________

_____________________________________________________

2. When did the USA make a law against having slaves?

The USA made a law against having slaves in _________________________

3. What did Charles set up for black people?

Charles set up ___________________________________________

4. What did Charles help black people win the right to do?

Charles helped black people win the right to _______________________

5. Fill in this family tree. Use Chapters 2 and 3.

langston family tree

 

6. Find a word in the poem that rhymes with say.

_____________________________________________________

7. Find a word in the poem that rhymes with dead.

_____________________________________________________

Read the poem again with a partner. Talk about these questions.

8. What does it mean to “let things take their course”?

9. Some people think the world will get better with time. Other people think the world will only get better if we work for change. Who do you think is right?

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing

Grammar Rule

Always use an upper case letter at the beginning of a sentence.

This is the best song.  – YES

this is the best song.  – NO

Always use an upper case letter for the word I.

Where can I get the bus?  – YES

Where can i get the bus?  – NO

Use upper case letters where needed.

1. this soap smells good.
_______________________________________________

2. can i have some toast?
_______________________________________________

3. i will hang up your coat.
_______________________________________________

4. we went out on a boat.
_______________________________________________

5. they have a pet goat.
_______________________________________________

6. after dinner, i will mow the grass.
_______________________________________________

7. she can throw the ball far.
_______________________________________________

8. did you get a hole-in-one?
_______________________________________________

9. tell me a good joke.
_______________________________________________

10. thank you for the rose.
_______________________________________________

Writing Task

Complete these sentences to make a paragraph about your family.
  • I was born in …
  • I am (the oldest, the middle, the youngest, an only) child.
  • I have … brothers and … sisters.
  • I was raised by…
  • My family is…

Remember:
– Use an upper case letter to begin each sentence.
– Use an upper case letter for the word I.
– End each sentence with a period or question mark.
– You may wish to type your paragraph on a computer.

Answer Key

Picture Dictionary
Canada daughter help
jail law mother
owner restaurants school
vote
Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
1 bone
2 toast
3 goat
4 blow
5 coat
6 rose
7 soap
8 rope
9 throw
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Charles Langston was put in jail because he helped slaves run away from their owners.
2 The USA made a law against having slaves in 1865.
3 Charles set up a school for black people.
4 Charles helped black people win the right to vote.
5 Langston’s Great-Grandmother: Lucy
Langston’s Grandfather: Charles
Langston’s Grandmother: Mary
Langston’s Mother: Carrie
6 day
7 bread
8 “Let things take their course” means to watch what happens, rather than act.
9 Answers will vary.
Writing
QUESTION ANSWER
1 This soap smells good.
2 Can I have some toast?
3 I will hang up your coat.
4 We went out on a boat.
5 They have a pet goat.
6 After dinner, I will mow the grass.
7 She can throw the ball far.
8 Did you get a hole-in-one?
9 Tell me a good joke.
10 Thank you for the rose.

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

4

Chapter 4

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Read sight words and functional words
  • Read the digraphs ch, sh, and th
  • Read simple texts
  • Identify main ideas, characters, and events from a reading
  • Use upper case letters for proper nouns
  • Write complete sentences
  • Write a short paragraph

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

lawyer-28838_640 image stories
lawyer racism stories
basketball-652470_640 crystals-155644_640 boots-691174_640
proud crystal stair
splinter wood-601830_640 carpet-162070_640
splinter board carpet
Put the above words in alphabetical order.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Make a sentence using one of the above words.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Ask your instructor to check your work.

Word Skills

Word Patterns

A digraph is when two letters make one sound. The letters ch, sh, and th are digraphs.

The letters ch make a /ch/ sound like in chin.

smile-122705_640

The letters sh make a /sh/ sound like in ship.

astronira-213674_640

The letters th make a /th/ sound like in thumb.

thumb-422147_640

Practice reading the words.
ch sh th
chip rash thin
chat dish math
rich shop path
chop wish thug
such fish moth
much shed bath
Match each picture to a word above.
bowl-303875_640 shower-305464_640 chop
1. ________________ 2. ________________ 3. ________________
car-160343_640 guy-40944_640 trout-294469_640
4. ________________ 5. ________________ 6. ________________
log-cabin-304921_640 chip moth-645812_640
7. ________________ 8. _______________ 9. ________________
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read each sentence. Then cover it up. Try to write it. Use upper case letters correctly. Use periods and question marks correctly.

a. I need to chop this log.
_______________________________________________

b. The cop got the thug.
_______________________________________________

c. I wish to be good at math.
_______________________________________________

d. Why is there a fish in the bath?
_______________________________________________

e. You can have the last chip.
_______________________________________________

You will see these words in the story. They all have digraphs.

they the these Charles she

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to the Chapter 4. Then read Chapter 4 in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 2. If you see a word you do not know, look in a big dictionary to find the meaning.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf2/?p=25

Check Your Understanding

1. Who was Langston’s dad?
__________________________________________

2. When was Langston born?
__________________________________________

3. Why did James leave the USA?
__________________________________________

4. Who took care of Langston?
__________________________________________

5. What made Langston proud of who he was?
__________________________________________

Read the poem with a partner. Talk about these questions.

6. The mother in the poem says her life has been like a staircase. What do the stairs look like? What do you think this says about her life?

7. Can you find a word in the poem that rhymes with stair?

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing

Grammar Rule

Begin a person’s name with an upper case letter.

Meet my friend, Al.  – YES

Meet my friend, al.  – NO

Begin the name of a place with an upper case letter.

We are going to China.  – YES

We are going to china.   – NO

Use upper case letters where needed.

1. we will stay with beth in japan.
_______________________________________________

2. have you been to iran?
_______________________________________________

3. i grew up in kenya.
_______________________________________________

4. tash and sam had a baby.
_______________________________________________

5. did you hear meg got a new job?
_______________________________________________

6. tim took a trip to finland.
_______________________________________________

7. bill moved to toronto.
_______________________________________________

8. i want to lie by the sea in mexico.
_______________________________________________

9. you got a call from seth.
_______________________________________________

10. my dog is named huck.
_______________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing Task

Complete these sentences to make a paragraph about your childhood.
  • I grew up in…
  • I liked to play…
  • I was good at…
  • I wanted to be a … when I grew up.
  • I was encouraged by…

Remember:
– Use an upper case letter to begin each sentence.
– Use an upper case letter for the word I.
– Use an upper case letter for the names of people and places.
– End each sentence with a period or question mark.
– You may wish to type your paragraph on a computer.

Answer Key

Picture Dictionary
board carpet crystal
lawyer proud racism
splinter stair stories
Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
1 dish
2 bath
3 chop
4 rich
5 thug
6 fish
7 shed
8 chip
9 moth
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Langston’s dad was James Hughes.
2 Langston was born in 1902.
3 James left the USA because he was fed up with racism. He was not allowed to work as a lawyer because he was black.
4 Langston’s grandmother, Mary, took care of him.
5 Mary’s stories made Langston proud of who he was.
6 The stairs have tacks, splinters, boards torn up, and no carpet. This tells us that the mother was poor and her life was hard.
7 Bare rhymes with stair.
Writing
QUESTION ANSWER
1 We will stay with Beth in Japan.
2 Have you been to Iran?
3 I grew up in Kenya.
4 Tash and Sam had a baby.
5 Did you hear Meg got a new job?
6 Tim took a trip to Finland.
7 Bill moved to Toronto.
8 I want to lie by the sea in Mexico.
9 You got a call from Seth.
10 My dog is named Huck.

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

5

Chapter 5

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Read sight words and functional words
  • Read short and long /i/ word patterns
  • Write some long /i/ words
  • Read simple texts
  • Identify main ideas, characters, and events from a reading
  • Write complete sentences
  • Write a short paragraph

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

mexico-518651_640 fear-299679_640 moon-416973_640
Mexico shame night
face-636093_640 https://pixabay.com/en/dartmouth-college-campus-school-292587/ children-studying-670663_640
soul university study
experiment-217201_640 sun-723055_640 sweater-428616_640
science year clothes
room-40308_640 table-295425_640 bee-44520_640
hotel  table  dream
Put the above words in alphabetical order.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Make a sentence using one of the above words.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Ask your instructor to check your work.

Word Skills

Word Patterns

The letters a, e, i, o, and u are vowels. Vowels can make short sounds and long sounds.

The short /i/ says /i/ like in itch.
head-148207_640-2

The long /i/ says /ī/ like in hi.

penguin-150054_640

The long /i/ can be spelled with the letters ie, igh, and i_e.

Practice reading these words.
ie igh i_e
pie fight bike
tie right dime
lie sight five
die tight line
might nine
light time
night white
Match each picture to a word from above. 
clock-359985_640 bicycle-161524_640 businessman-676360_640
1. ________________ 2. ________________ 3. ________________
box-62867_640 https://pixabay.com/en/pumpkin-pie-slice-piece-baked-309650/ pay-634910_640
4. ________________ 5. ________________ 6. ________________
traffic-39501_640 glasses-350173_640 clothes-line-312570_640
7. ________________ 8. ________________ 9. ________________
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read each sentence. Then cover it up. Try to write it. Use upper case letters correctly. Use periods and question marks correctly.

a. Do you have the time?
_______________________________________________

b. It is five to nine.
_______________________________________________

c. I might have some pie.
_______________________________________________

d. My bike is white.
_______________________________________________

e. Do you have a dime?
_______________________________________________

You will see these words in the story. They all have the /ī/ sound, like hi.

night life write

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to Chapter 5. Then read Chapter 5 in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 2As you read, try to make pictures in your mind of what is happening.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf2/?p=28

Check Your Understanding

1. How old was Langston when he lived with his dad?

____________________________________________

2. Where did his dad live?

____________________________________________

3. Why was this a sad time for Langston?

____________________________________________

4. Circle the jobs Langston did.

police

cook

clothes washer

busboy

zoo keeper

worker on a ship

Read the poem with a partner. Talk about these questions.

5. The poem says the faces are like the night. What do you think the faces look like?

6. The poem says the eyes are like the stars. What do you think the eyes look like?

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing

Grammar Rule

A sentence is a group of words in an order that makes sense.

I ride my bike to work.  – YES

I ride my work to bike.  – NO

Put these words in an order that makes sense. Use upper case letters, periods, and question marks where needed.

1. really good/this pie/is
_______________________________________________

2. line/get/in
_______________________________________________

3. too tight/is/my/tie
_______________________________________________

4. out/turn/light/the
_______________________________________________

5. has never/she/lie/a/told
_______________________________________________

6. at/do not/i/night/drive
_______________________________________________

7. the dogs/in/got/fight/a
_______________________________________________

8. we/the/have/vote/right/to
_______________________________________________

9. do/a/dime/have/you
_______________________________________________

10. kids/have/i/five
_______________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing Task

It can help to talk about your ideas before you write. Find a classmate. Ask each other these questions.
  1. What did you like to do when you were a teenager?
  2. Who was your first teenage crush on?
  3. What was hard about being a teenager?
  4. What did you wish when you were a teenager?
Complete these sentences to make a paragraph about your teen years.
  • When I was a teen, the most important things in my life were…
  • My first teenage crush was on…
  • The hard thing about being a teen was…
  • As a teen, I wished…

Remember:
– Use an upper case letter to begin each sentence.
– Use an upper case letter for the word I.
– Use an upper case letter for the names of people and places.
– End each sentence with a period or question mark.
– You may wish to type your paragraph on a computer.

Answer Key

Picture Dictionary
clothes dream hotel Mexico
night science shame soul
study table university year
Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
1 time
2 bike
3 tie
4 fight
5 pie
6 five
7 nine
8 sight
9 line
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Langston was 17 years old when he lived with his dad.
2 His dad lived in Mexico.
3 This was a sad time for Langston because he did not get along with his dad.
4 Langston did these jobs: cook, clothes washer, busboy, and worker on a ship.
5 The faces are dark.
6 The eyes are bright.
Writing
QUESTION ANSWER
1 This pie is really good.
2 Get in line.
3 My tie is too tight.
4 Turn out the light.
5 She has never told a lie.
6 I do not drive at night.
7 The dogs got in a fight.
8 We have the right to vote.
9 Do you have a dime?
10 I have five kids.

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

6

Chapter 6

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Read sight words and functional words
  • Read -ing and -ed word endings
  • Write some words with -ing and -ed endings
  • Read simple texts
  • Identify main ideas, characters, and events from a reading
  • Write sentences to questions such as who, what, where, when, and why
  • Write complete sentences
  • Write a short paragraph

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

graffiti-508272_640 clef-799256_640 group-work-454882_640
painting music community
magazines-716801_640 pot-820012_640 6247800223_fed65c6246_o
magazines kitchen company
image weights-646497_640 fun-725813_640
laugh strong print
Put the above words in alphabetical order.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Make a sentence using one of the above words.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Ask your instructor to check your work.

Word Skills

Word Patterns

Words can have endings. Some common word endings are –ing and –ed.

ing ed
cook cooking cooked
roll rolling rolled
miss missing missed
1. Fill in this chart.
ing ed
call
rock
look
talk
kiss
Fill in the blanks. Use the word in [brackets]. Add a word ending that makes sense.

2. Last night, I _______________ [talk] to my dad.

3. I am _______________ [look] for my keys.

4. She _______________ [miss] the bus again.

5. He is _______________ [rock] the baby to sleep.

6. What are you _______________ [cook]?

7. The ball _______________ [roll] onto the street.

8. I _______________ [call] my dog, but he did not come.

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

You will see these words in the story. They all have the endings –ed or –ing.

being paintings moved helped printed

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to Chapter 6. Then read Chapter 6 in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 2. When you see a word you do not know, look in a big dictionary to find the meaning.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf2/?p=30

Check Your Understanding

1. Where is Harlem?

Harlem is in ___________________________________________

2. What kind of art did people in Harlem make?

People in Harlem made ___________________________________________

3. How did art help black people in the 1920s?

Art helped black people ___________________________________________

4. What did people pay Langston to do?

People paid Langston to ___________________________________________

5. What did Langston use his poetry to do?

Langston used his poetry to ___________________________________________

Read the poem “I, Too” with a partner. Talk about the following questions.

6. How does the person in the poem feel about the future? Are they sad or do they have hope? How do you know?

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing

Grammar Rule

You may be asked to answer a question with a complete sentence. You can often use some words from the question to make your answer. Make sure you put the words in an order that makes sense.

Put these words in order to make a sentence that answers the question.

1. Who made this apple pie?________________________________________________________
(made pie this Jill apple)

2. Where is your car?
________________________________________________________
(is car my at shop the)

3. When did the cat go missing?________________________________________________________
(morning the went this cat missing)

4. What is your mom’s name?________________________________________________________
(Pat name my mom’s is)

5. Why was Jim all wet?
________________________________________________________
(all wet Jim was fell in because he the lake)

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing Task

You will write a paragraph about your life as a young adult. It can help to talk about your ideas before you write. Find a classmate. Ask each other these questions.
  1. Where did you live when you were in your 20s?
  2. Did you have any jobs in your 20s?
  3. What did you do for fun in your 20s?
  4. Did any life events surprise you in your 20s?
  5. Can you think of a time in your 20s when you were really happy?
Complete these sentences to make a paragraph about your life as a young adult.
  • In my 20s, I lived in…
  • I had a job as…
  • My hobbies were…
  • One thing I did not expect was that…
  • I was very happy when…

Remember:
– Use an upper case letter to begin each sentence.
– Use an upper case letter for the word I.
– Use an upper case letter for the names of people and places.
– End each sentence with a period or question mark.
– You may wish to type your paragraph on a computer.

Answer Key

Picture Dictionary
community company kitchen
laugh magazines music
painting print strong
Word Skills
QUESTION 1
ing ed
call  calling  called
rock  rocking  rocked
look  looking  looked
talk  talking talked
kiss kissing kissed
QUESTION ANSWER
2 talked
3 looking
4 missed
5 rocking
6 cooking
7 rolled
8 called
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Harlem is in New York.
2 People in Harlem made books, poems, plays, paintings, and music.
3 Art helped black people come together as one community.
4 People paid Langston to write poems.
5 Langston used his poetry to fight racism.
6 The person in the poem feels good about the future. They seem to have hope because they say they will laugh and grow strong.
Writing
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Jill made this apple pie.
2 My car is at the shop.
3 The cat went missing this morning.
4 My mom’s name is Pat.
5 Jim was all wet because he fell in the lake.

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

7

Chapter 7

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Read sight words and functional words
  • Read words with or, ar, and er word patterns
  • Read simple texts
  • Identify main ideas, characters, and events from a reading
  • Write complete sentences
  • Write a short paragraph

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

https://pixabay.com/en/book-reading-literature-read-700388/  dad-663228_640 aroni-738306_640
read father girl
award-158854_640 lion-565818_640 broken-https://pixabay.com/en/broken-glass-sun-clouds-shattered-549087/
prize young broken
darter-638258_640 bird-386725_640 gull-456727_640
wing bird fly
Put the above words in alphabetical order.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Make a sentence using one of the above words.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Ask your instructor to check your work.

Word Skills

Word Patterns

The letter r changes the sounds that vowels make.

The letters or say /or/ like in horn.

rhinoceros-768714_640

The letters ar say /ar/ like in car.

car-33556_640

The letters er say /ər/ like in her.

woman-761643_640

Practice reading these words.
or ar er
born far verb
fork start fern
corn dark germ
form hard herb
pork park perk
fort car her
sort art term
torn barn person
Match each picture to a word above.
scale-751409_640 lynx-103313_640 germ-158107_1280
 1. ________________  2. ________________  3. ________________
fork-334895_640 bracken-297080_640 pork-523102_640
 4. ________________  5. ________________ 6. ________________
bench-560435_640 corn-155613_640 paper-575330_640
 7. ________________  8. ________________  9. ________________
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read each sentence. Then cover it up. Try to write it. Use upper case letters correctly. Use periods and question marks correctly.

a. Park the car by the barn.
_______________________________________________

b. Put pork on your fork.
_______________________________________________

c. When were you born?
_______________________________________________

d. I do not like the dark.
_______________________________________________

e. Fill out this form.
_______________________________________________

You will see these words in the story. They all have the sounds /or/, /ar/, and /ər/.

or story hard ever never harder

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to Chapter 7. Then read Chapter 7 in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 2. As you read, ask yourself, “Does that make sense?”

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf2/?p=32

Check Your Understanding

Write a sentence to answer each question. Use the underlined words to help make your answer.

1. Who were Langston’s love poems written to?

2. If Langston was gay, why do you think he did not tell people?

3. Who did Langston help when he became famous?

Read the poem “Dreams” with a partner. Talk about these questions.

4. Langston tells people to “Hold fast to dreams.” What do you think this means?

5. What is a broken-winged bird? How can life be like a broken-winged bird?

6. Do you think dreams matter? Why or why not?

7. What are your dreams?

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing

Grammar Rule

A sentence has a complete thought or idea.

We fed the ducks.

We fed.

Fed the ducks.

The ducks.

This is a sentence.

What did you feed? This is not a sentence.

Who fed the ducks? This is not a sentence.

What about the ducks? This is not a sentence.

Read the groups of words below. Circle the sentences.

1. The girl won a prize.

2. The bird.

3. In the dark.

4. The kids made a fort.

5. Is parking the car.

6. Eating corn.

7. The dress is torn.

8. He looked at the map.

9. Reading a book.

10. The barn.

Writing Task

You will write a paragraph about a time you felt like you did not fit in. It can help to talk about your ideas before you write. Find a classmate. Ask each other these questions.

Think of a time you felt like you did not fit in.

1. When was it?
2. Where were you?
3. Who were you with?
4. Why did you feel different?
5. How did you feel?
6. How did you deal with it?
7. What did you learn about yourself?

Write a short paragraph about a time you felt like you did not fit in. Include details like:
  • What happened?
  • Where did it happen?
  • Why did it happen?
  • How did you feel?
  • How did you deal with it?
  • What did you learn about yourself?

Remember:
– Use an upper case letter to begin each sentence.
– Use an upper case letter for the word I.
– Use an upper case letter for the names of people and places.
– End each sentence with a period or question mark.
– You may wish to type your paragraph on a computer.

Answer Key

Picture Dictionary
bird broken father
fly girl prize
read wing young
Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
1 barn
2 dark
3 germ
4 fork
5 fern
6 pork
7 park
8 corn
9 torn
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Langston’s love poems were written to a man.
2 He did not tell people because they may not have paid him to write his poems. They may not have read his poems.
3 Langston helped many young black writers.
4 “Hold fast to dreams” means to hang on to your dreams.
5 A broken-winged bird is a bird with a broken wing. Life can be like a broken-winged bird if you have no hope, because you have nothing to lift you up and carry you to better places.
6 Answers will vary.
7 Answers will vary.
Writing
These are sentences:
1 The girl won a prize.
4 The kids made a fort.
7 The dress is torn.
8 He looked at the map.

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

8

Chapter 8

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Read sight words and functional words
  • Read long /a/ word patterns
  • Write some long /a/ words
  • Read simple texts
  • Identify main ideas, characters, and events from a reading
  • Write complete sentences
  • Write a short paragraph

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

image cemetery-380839_640 https://pixabay.com/en/cigarette-cigarette-butt-butt-smoke-484256/
cancer died ashes
reminder-23771_640 pride dust
remember pride dust
leaves-228111_640 pine-leaves-691639_640 vector-163530_640
autumn handful spring
idaho-239691_640
land
Put the above words in alphabetical order.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Make a sentence using one of the above words.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Ask your instructor to check your work.

Word Skills

Word Patterns

The letters a, e, i, o, and u are vowels. Vowels can make short sounds and long sounds.

The short /a/ says /a/ like in apple.
image

The long /a/ says /ā/ like in acorn.

acorn-42791_640

The long /a/ can be spelled with the letters a_e, ai, and ay.

Practice reading these words.
a_e ai ay
age maid day
rake mail pay
cane rain play
cake train say
game paint stay
plane tray
grape away
tape
lake
Match each picture to a word above.
cloud-37011_640 tape-23637_640 paint-117599_640
1. ________________ 2. ________________ 3. ________________
young-388662_1280 cake-35805_640 airliner-309920_640
4. ________________ 5. ________________ 6. ________________
image mail-297542_640 locomotive-60539_640
7. ________________ 8. ________________ 9. ________________
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read each sentence. Then cover it up. Try to write it. Use upper case letters correctly. Use periods and question marks correctly.

a. Will it rain today?
_______________________________________________

b. Your pay will be in the mail.
_______________________________________________

c. There is cake on the tray.
_______________________________________________

d. What game do you want to play?
_______________________________________________

e. I need a cane at my age.
_______________________________________________

You will see these words in the story. They all have the ā/ sound, like acorn.

day today raindrop

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to Chapter 8. Then read Chapter 8 in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 2If you see a word you do not know, look to see if there are parts in the word that you do know. For example, raindrop is made of rain and drop.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf2/?p=34

Check Your Understanding

1. How old was Langston when he died?

_______________________________________________

2. Where are his ashes kept?

_______________________________________________

3. Why is Langston still remembered today?

_______________________________________________

Read the poem with a partner. Talk about these questions.

4. What pictures do you see in your head when you read this poem?

5. What is your favourite Langston Hughes poem?

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing

Grammar Rule

You have learned to use an upper case letter:

  • To begin a sentence
  • For the word I
  • To begin the name of a person
  • To begin the name of a place

You have learned to use:

  • A question mark at the end of a question
  • A period at the end of a statement
Use upper case letters and punctuation to make correct sentences.

1. who was langston hughes

2. he was a poet

3. what were his parents named

4. his parents were named carrie and james

5. where did he live

6. he lived in harlem

7. when did he live

8. he lived from 1902 to 1967

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing Task

Brainstorm a list of how you want people to remember you when you are gone. Think of examples for:
  • What you were like
  • People you helped
  • Things you did
  • Things you made
Write a short paragraph about what you want to be remembered for.

Remember:
– Use an upper case letter to begin each sentence.
– Use an upper case letter for the word I.
– Use an upper case letter for the names of people and places.
– End each sentence with a period or question mark.
– You may wish to type your paragraph on a computer.

Answer Key

Picture Dictionary
ashes autumn cancer
died dust handful
land pride remember
spring
Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
1 rain
2 tape
3 paint
4 play
5 cake
6 plane
7 tray
8 mail
9 train
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Langston was 65 years old when he died.
2 His ashes are kept in Harlem.
3 Langston is still remembered today for his beautiful poems, and for helping black people see themselves as a beautiful community.
4 Answers will vary.
5 Answers will vary.
Writing
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Who was Langston Hughes?
2 He was a poet.
3 What were his parents named?
4 His parents were named Carrie and James.
5 Where did he live?
6 He lived in Harlem.
7 When did he live?
8 He lived from 1902 to 1967.

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

1

Appendix 1: We are...I am

Below is an example of a “We Are…I Am” poem. It was written by a Level 1-3 class at Vancouver Community College in 2014.

I am the West End.
I am the Olympic Village.
I am Fleetwood.
We are East Van.
I am Yaletown.
I am Burnaby.

We are community ……… I am a neighbour.

I am red Nike shoes.
I am a black coat that goes with everything.
We are green grass and green forests.
We are marine blue like the car we’re going to build.
I am orange like the sun.

We are a rainbow ……… I am a colour.

We are edgy gangsta rap.
I am dance-worthy hip-hop. Shake it baby!
I am a romantic love song.
I am the Rolling Stones, classic rock.
I am Celine Dion, Whitney Houston, and hits from the 50s.

We are music …….. I am a musician.

I am short dresses in every colour in a shopping mall.
We are Gucci blue jeans in a nightclub.
I am a light cotton t-shirt at the beach.
I am a button-up dress shirt with a tie. I clean up good.
I am a shiny evening dress in a casino.

We are dressed sharp …….. I am awesome.

I hope to be a secretary in a high school.
We hope to be cops drinking coffee in Tim Hortons.
I hope to be a cook in a five-star hotel.
I hope to be the boss of my own construction company.
I hope to be a lawyer in family law.

We are positive …….. I am sure.

I dream that I am swimming in piles of money.
I dream once in a blue moon.
I dream that my kids finish school.
We have deja-vu dreams. We hate it.
I dream I am making money, and making it on my own.
I dream my grandma is alive and she’s cooking for me.

We are dreamers …….. I am dreaming of the future.

2

Appendix 2: Level 2 Scope and Sequence

For detailed information on the contents of each chapter in this course pack, please refer to the Level 2 Scope and Sequence [PDF] document. A print-friendly version is provided below.

Level 2 Scope and Sequence

3

Attributions

Chapter 1

Poem
Roses are red by William Wallace Denslow is in the public domain.

Poet
Image by imageneserik is in the public domain.

World
Blue World Map by

Eyes
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Black
Location dot black by Droll is in the public domain.

Treat
Food Birch Candy by

People
Image by

Alive
The Premature Burial by Jappalang is in the public domain.

White
White button icon by Sémhur is used under a CC BY SA 3.0 license.

Time
Image by geralt is in the public domain.

The short /e/ says /e/ like in Expo.
Expo 86 logo by Mwtoews is in the public domain.

The long /e/ says /ē/ like in jeep.
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 1
Image by Humusak is in the public domain.

Photo 2
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 3
Image by tpsdave is in the public domain.

Photo 4
Image by kaboompics is in the public domain.

Photo 5
Image by Kaz is in the public domain.

Photo 6
A Quarter Pounder w/Cheese from McDonald’s by Evan-Amos is in the public domain.

Photo 7
Image by geraltis in the public domain.

Photo 8
pea pod by is in the public domain.

Photo 9
Image by ambroochizafer is in the public domain.

Chapter 2

Slave
Sister Slave by Dumarest is in the public domain.

Long
long trunk by Tobias is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

Wrote
Image by pashminu is in the public domain.

Labor
Image by skeeze is in the public domain.

Children
Image by Counselling is in the public domain.

Husband
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Sold
Image by tkoch is in the public domain.

Safety
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Respect
Image by DasWortgewand is in the public domain.

Marry
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

The letters dr in drip are a blend.
Clean water by Tim McCabe is in the public domain.

Photo 1
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 2
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 3
Slamdunk by ha1flosse’s Clipart is in the public domain.

Photo 4
Image by string2006 is in the public domain.

Photo 5
Image by OpenClipartVectorsis in the public domain.

Photo 6
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 7
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 8
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 9
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 10
Image by Pezibear is in the public domain.

Photo 11
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 12
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Chapter 3

Help
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Owner
Good Times by OakleyOriginals is used under a CC BY 2.0license.

Canada
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Jail
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Law
Image by Mdesigns is in the public domain.

School
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Restaurants
Image by SOCIFI is in the public domain.

Vote
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Daughter
Image by ebrahim is in the public domain.

Mother
Image by VaniaRaposo is in the public domain.

The short /o/ makes the /o/ sound like in octopus.
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

The long /o/ makes the /ō/ sound like in no.
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 1
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 2
Wellcome Toast by Duncan Hull is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

Photo 3
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 4
Image by RyanMcGuire is in the public domain.

Photo 5
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 6
Image by wilhei is in the public domain.

Photo 7
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 8
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 9
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Chapter 4

Lawyer
Fransk advokatdräkt by Nordisk familjebok is in the public domain.

Racism
Ku Klux Klan by National Photo Company Collection is in the public domain.

Stories
Image by WokinghamLibraries is in the public domain.

Proud
U.S. Naval Academy womens basketball team by Chad Runge is in the public domain.

Crystal
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Stair
Image by Unsplash is in the public domain.

Splinter
A City Of Splinters by David Ohmer is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

Board
Image by exean is in the public domain.

Carpet
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

The letters ch makes a /ch/ sound like in chin
Image by Giuliamar is in the public domain.

The letters sh make a /sh/ sound like in ship
Image by PublicDomainPictures is in the public domain.

The letters th make a /th/ sound like in thumb
Image by niekverlaan is in the public domain.

Photo 1
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 2
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 3
Man chopping wood is in the public domain.

Photo 4
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 5
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 6
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 7
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 8
Chips and salsa by Bradley Gordon is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

Photo 9
Image by sandid is in the public domain.

Chapter 5

Mexico
Image by tarcisioefbarbosa0 is in the public domain.

Shame
Image by SEVENHEADS is in the public domain.

Night
Image by PeterDargatz is in the public domain.

Soul
Image by geralt is in the public domain.

University
Image by tpsdave is in the public domain.

Study
Image by sof_sof_0000 is in the public domain.

Science
Image by PublicDomainPictures is in the public domain.

Year
Image by geralt is in the public domain.

Clothes
Image by jarmoluk is in the public domain.

Hotel
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Table
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Dream
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

The short /i/ says /i/ like in itch.
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

The long /i/ says /ī/ like in hi.
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 1
Image by geralt is in the public domain.

Photo 2
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 3
Image by HebiFot is in the public domain.

Photo 4
Ricardo Dominguez by Wayne Short is in the public domain.

Photo 5
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 6
Image by geralt is in the public domain.

Photo 7
Image is in the public domain.

Photo 8
Image by kropekk_pl is in the public domain.

Photo 9
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Chapter 6

Painting
Image by digihanger is in the public domain.

Music
Image by geralt is in the public domain.

Community
Image by geralt is in the public domain.

Magazines
Image by stevepb is in the public domain.

Kitchen
Image by Republica is in the public domain.

Company
Knocking on Poe’s Door by Eden, Janine and Jim is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

Laugh
Image by ludi is in the public domain.

Strong
Image by skeeze is in the public domain.

Print
Image by Ramdlon is in the public domain.

Chapter 7

Read
Image by Gadini is in the public domain.

Father
Image by gpalmisanoadm is in the public domain.

Girl
Image by Bessi is in the public domain.

Prize
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Young
Image by Sponchia is in the public domain.

Broken
Image by Humusak is in the public domain.

Wing
Image by Barni1 is in the public domain.

Bird
Blue Jay by Snowmanradio is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

Fly
Image by Counselling is in the public domain.

The letters or say /or/ like in horn
Image by Unsplash is in the public domain.

The letters ar say /ar/ like in car
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

The letters er say /ər/ like in her
Image by Sandro50 is in the public domain.

Photo 1
Image by Pezibear is in the public domain.

Photo 2
Image by realworkhard is in the public domain.

Photo 3
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 4
Image by ariesa66 is in the public domain.

Photo 5
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 6
Image by StelaDi is in the public domain.

Photo 7
Image by pepperminting is in the public domain.

Photo 8
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 9
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Chapter 8

Cancer
Image by Cristianosoy is in the public domain.

Died
Image by spustlik is in the public domain.

Ashes
Image by Trostle is in the public domain.

Remember
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Pride
Stockholm Pride by Frankie Fouganthin is used under a CC BY SA 3.0 license.

Dust
Staubaufwirbelung CH-53E by 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing Public Affairs is in the public domain.

Autumn
Image by Hans is in the public domain.
Handful
Image by Unsplash is in the public domain.

Spring
Image by Larisa-K is in the public domain.

Land
Image by tpsdave is in the public domain.

The short /a/ says /a/ like in apple.
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

The long /a/ says /ā/ like in acorn.
Acorn by Pearson Scott Foresman is in the public domain.

Photo 1
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in thepublic domain.

Photo 2
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 3
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 4
Image by cherylholt is in the public domain.

Photo 5
Birthday Cake is in the public domain.

Photo 6
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 7
Image by pashminu is in the public domain.

Photo 8
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 9
Image by WikiImages is in the public domain.

4

Bibliography

Gould, L. & Weiten, J. (1997). Ideas, activities, and exercises for fundamental level English. Vancouver: Basic Education Dept., Vancouver Community College.

School District No. 44. (1999). Reading 44: A core framework. North Vancouver, BC: Leo Marshall Curriculum Centre.

Wilson, B. A. (1996). Wilson reading system instructor manual. Oxford, MA: Wilson Language Training.

5

About the Author

Shantel IvitsShantel Ivits is an instructor in the Basic Education Department at Vancouver Community College, on the unceded territories of the Musqueam, Squamish, and Tsleil-Waututh Nations.

Shantel has designed curricula for the National Film Board of Canada, the British Columbia Teachers’ Federation, and many community-based projects.

Over the past decade, they have taught in literacy programs, university bridging programs, an ESL academy, and K-12 public schools.

They hold a Bachelor of Arts in English Literature from Trent University, as well as a Bachelor of Education and a Master of Arts in Educational Studies from the University of British Columbia.

Shantel identifies as a queer and trans person with white settler privilege. Their goal as an educator is to help people build their capacity to reach their goals and create more socially just communities.

Shantel also enjoys raising awareness that “they” can be used as a singular pronoun!

6

Versioning History

This page provides a record of edits and changes made to this book since its initial publication in the B.C. Open Textbook Collection. Whenever edits or updates are made in the text, we provide a record and description of those changes here. If the change is minor, the version number increases by 0.1. If the edits involve substantial updates, the version number increases to the next full number.

The files posted by this book always reflect the most recent version. If you find an error in this book, please fill out the Report an Open Textbook Error form.

Version Date Change Details
1.0 October 29, 2015 Added to the B.C. Open Textbook Collection.
1.1 September 30, 2018 The following changes were part of a project to standardize BCcampus-published books.
  • Added additional publication information
  • Updated copyright information
  • Renamed “About the book” to “About BCcampus Open Education” and updated the content
  • Fixed formatting issues in tables
  • Added a Versioning History page