BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English - Course Pack 1

BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English - Course Pack 1

Shantel Ivits

BCcampus

Victoria, B.C.

Contents

1

About BCcampus Open Education

BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Course Pack 1  was created by Shantel Ivits and published by BCcampus Open Education.

BCcampus Open Education began in 2012 as the B.C. Open Textbook Project with the goal of making post-secondary education in British Columbia more accessible by reducing student costs through the use of openly licenced textbooks and other OER. BCcampus supports the post-secondary institutions of British Columbia as they adapt and evolve their teaching and learning practices to enable powerful learning opportunities for the students of B.C. BCcampus Open Education is funded by the British Columbia Ministry of Advanced Education, Skills & Training, and the Hewlett Foundation.

Open textbooks are open educational resources (OER) created and shared in ways so that more people have access to them. This is a different model than traditionally copyrighted materials. OER are defined as teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others."Open Educational Resources," Hewlett Foundation, https://hewlett.org/strategy/open-educational-resources/ (accessed September 27, 2018). Our open textbooks are openly licensed using a Creative Commons licence, and are offered in various e-book formats free of charge, or as printed books that are available at cost. For more information about this project, please contact helpdesk@bccampus.ca. If you are an instructor who is using this book for a course, please fill out our Adoption of an Open Textbook form.

2

Acknowledgments

These books were developed on the unceded territories of the Musqueam, Squamish, and Tsleil-Waututh Nations. Huy tseep q’u! Chen kw’enmántumiyap! Kw’as hoy!

I feel very fortunate to have had the opportunity to work on this project alongside a dedicated team of basic education instructors from across British Columbia. This series was shepherded by Leanne Caillier-Smith (College of the Rockies) and benefited enormously from the insight and encouragement of Julia Dodge (University of the Fraser Valley), Chandra McCann (Okanagan College), Jan Weiten (Vancouver Community College), and Melinda Worfolk (College of New Caledonia). The above five mentioned are representatives of the BC Adult Literacy Articulation Committee and were the advisory committee members for this project. It has been a pleasure to scaffold my own learning among such brilliant and passionate educators.

Huge thanks to Lauri Aesoph of BCcampus for introducing me to the exciting open textbook movement and managing all aspects of the publication of these books — from layout and image selection to copyediting and print –so adeptly.

I am incredibly lucky to work with and have the support of the Basic Education Department at Vancouver Community College: Rita Acton, Cynthia Bluman, Andrew Candela, Lynn Horvat, Alayna Kruger, Jo Lemay, Edie Mackenzie, Rene Merkel, Tara Mollel, Leah Rasmussen, Linda Rider, Mary Thompson-Boyd, Jan Weiten, and our Dean, David Wells. I am also deeply grateful to the basic education students at Vancouver Community College for all that you teach me about dreams, resilience, and perseverance.

A special thank you to my partner, Marria, for always lending my words an eager ear, and for keeping the world around me turning even though my head was perpetually stuck in these books.

3

Notes to the Instructor

I have often struggled to find reading materials that rise to the wisdom that Level 1 learners so often bring to the classroom, while still drawing on plain language. So I sought to write texts about things that really matter: healing, discovery, survival, relationships, justice, and connection to the land. I explored these themes through the lens of the plant world.

This reader contains nine original stories written specifically for adults, and is designed to accompany the BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 1. This level-1 reader, one of a series of six readers, is roughly equivalent to beginner to Grade 1.5 in the K-12 system. For an overview of the contents, please refer to the Level 1 Scope and Sequence in the Appendix.

The online version of this course pack contains audio recordings of each story in the reader. These recordings, combined with vocabulary and word pattern exercises, prepare the Level 1 student to read each paragraph-long text with greater independence.

Depending on a learner’s readiness, you may wish to use the sentences in the Word Skills sections as dictation.

Exercises on the connections between consonant sounds and letters are beyond the scope of these books. I recommend using these books alongside a structured phonics program, such as the Wilson Reading System.

Font size and line spacing can be adjusted in the online view, and have been enhanced for the print and PDF versions for easier reading. This reader has been reviewed by subject experts from colleges and universities.

I hope these pages help ignite in your students a lifelong love of reading and discovery.

-Shantel Ivits

1

Sweetgrass

https://www.flickr.com/photos/plainsandprairielcc/10873067444/in/photolist-ajWVFZ-6Yt4gG-6Yp3Ki-6Yt4zf-fBQQNV-2H7wXV-2H7wAT-cRvKeA-piCeE5-amquxi-cRvKjy-piCeWh-amqw8r-amthff-jXmLmq-cUU2QN-cUU3TJ-cUU5CL-cUU1EU-9Un5Aj-jXm7fe-jXko7t-jXmUcf-jXj1YD-jXnPTd-jXnrZ3-jXnpPS-jXkaTZ-jXmPwd-jXjbhZ-8RXYs8-hyPxYu-jXnBMQ-jXk7jB-jXk3ti-jXmKQf-jXjZ2i-jXmwaj-jXj4ng-jXjEmT-hyPj95-9SfXFi-9SiQzN-6bfuHw-9pDRZH-enRKe-9pGTWu-2HbSgf-2HbRXo-2HbQoN

Wetland

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Print the alphabet in upper case letters
  • Hear, read, and write words with a short /a/ and a short /i/
  • Copy short sentences
  • Read common sight words in a paragraph
  • Answer questions about a story
  • Complete sentences with original ideas
  • Begin a sentence with an upper case letter

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

Use the pictures to help you figure out the words.
 https://pixabay.com/en/personal-injury-legal-claim-court-39985/  https://pixabay.com/en/road-street-highway-freeway-black-295449/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braid#/media/File:Braid_StepBystep.jpg
hurt street  braid
https://pixabay.com/en/house-red-roof-orange-walls-blue-48916/ https://pixabay.com/en/grass-green-nature-meadow-field-309733/ https://pixabay.com/en/chain-broken-link-freedom-297842/
 house grass  break
https://pixabay.com/en/masks-feelings-state-of-mind-701837/ https://pixabay.com/en/back-bend-bridge-exercise-female-18713/ https://pixabay.com/en/pedestrian-cross-walk-street-310304/
feelings bend walk
https://pixabay.com/en/tree-branches-root-eco-ecology-309046/
roots
Practice reading the words without the pictures.
street house walk bend break
hurt grass roots braid feelings

Word Skills

Word Patterns

The letters a, e, i, o, and u are called vowels. The letter a says /a/ like in apple.

https://pixabay.com/en/apple-green-fruit-juicy-nature-33709/

The letter a says /a/ like in apple.

Match the word to the picture.
cap sad rat sat
fat map mad nap
https://pixabay.com/en/treasure-map-treasure-hunt-153425/ https://pixabay.com/en/rat-animal-mammal-mouse-pest-pet-312046/ https://pixabay.com/en/sleeping-reading-woman-reader-book-32750/
1. ____________ 2. ____________ 3. ____________
https://pixabay.com/en/bird-angry-animal-angry-bird-mad-159984/ https://pixabay.com/en/hat-baseball-cap-295184/ https://pixabay.com/en/man-sit-chair-pictogram-black-310310/
4.____________ 5.____________ 6. ____________
https://pixabay.com/en/cat-black-large-fat-pet-animal-48506/ https://pixabay.com/en/face-head-girl-sad-tear-640436/
7. ____________ 8.____________

Word Patterns

The letter i says /i/ like in itch.

https://pixabay.com/en/head-human-person-man-scratch-148207/

The letter i says /i/ like in itch.

Match the word to the picture.
lip wig rip
hit fin dig
https://pixabay.com/en/shovel-trowel-digging-equipment-575661/ https://pixabay.com/en/baseball-baseball-bat-hit-black-150324/ https://pixabay.com/en/hair-wig-black-cosplay-310732/
 9. ____________ 10. ____________ 11. ____________
https://pixabay.com/en/shredded-paper-shred-shredder-27849/ https://pixabay.com/en/killer-whale-orcinus-orca-orka-orca-406707/ https://pixabay.com/en/lip-gloss-lips-lipstick-beauty-151266/
12. ____________ 13. ____________ 14. ____________
Pick the word that matches the picture.
15. https://pixabay.com/en/rat-animal-mammal-mouse-pest-pet-312046/ rit rat
16. https://pixabay.com/en/killer-whale-orcinus-orca-orka-orca-406707/ fan fin
17. https://pixabay.com/en/sleeping-reading-woman-reader-book-32750/ nap nip
18. https://pixabay.com/en/hair-wig-black-cosplay-310732/ wag wig
19. https://pixabay.com/en/face-head-girl-sad-tear-640436/ sad sid
20. https://pixabay.com/en/cat-black-large-fat-pet-animal-48506/ fit fat
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read these sentences. Practice writing them.
The rat had a nap.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
The map has a rip.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
He has a fat lip.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
She sat on the cap.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
I am mad.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Ask your instructor to check your work.

You will see these words in the story. They all have the /a/ sound like apple.

Max at grass
asks after that
away bad happy

You will see these words in the story. They all have the /i/ sound like itch.

live kids in
is pick it
if this will

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to the story Sweetgrass. Then read Sweetgrass in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 1.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf1/?p=5

Check Your Understanding

Circle yes if the sentence is right. Circle no if the sentence is wrong.
1. Dan used to live on the street. yes no
2. Max and Dan are both Cree. yes no
3. Sweetgrass is tall. yes no
4. Sweetgrass breaks when you step on it. yes no
5. Max and Dan eat the sweetgrass. yes no
6. Dan says sweetgrass takes away bad feelings. yes no

Writing

Below are all the letters of the alphabet. They are in lower case. Write each letter in upper case. The first one is done for you.
a ___A___ b _______ c _______ d _______
e _______ f _______ g _______ h _______
i _______ j _______ k _______ l _______
m _______ n _______ o _______ p _______
q _______ r _______ s _______ t _______
u _______ v _______ w _______ x _______
y _______ z _______
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Grammar Rule

Always use an upper case letter at the beginning of a sentence.

She has a red wig.  – YES

she has a red wig.  – NO

Writing Task

What makes you feel better when you feel bad? Fill in the blanks. Your instructor will help you spell.

Example: I feel better when I go for a walk.

1. I feel better when I ________________________________________.

2. I feel better when I ________________________________________.

3. I feel better when I ________________________________________.

Answer Key

Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
1 map
2 rat
3 nap
4 mad
5 cap
6 sat
7 fat
8 sad
9 dig
10 hit
11 wig
12 rip
13 fin
14 lip
15 rat
16 fin
17 nap
18 wig
19 sad
20 fat
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 no
2 yes
3 yes
4 no
5 no
6 yes
Writing
LOWER CASE UPPER CASE
a A
b B
c C
d D
e E
f F
g G
h H
i I
j J
k K
l L
m M
n N
o O
p P
q Q
r R
s S
t T
u U
v V
w W
x X
y Y
z Z

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

2

A New Flower

personal photo by author

Flowers

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Print the alphabet in lower case letters
  • Hear, read, and write words with a short /o/ and a short /u/
  • Copy short sentences
  • Read common sight words in a paragraph
  • Answer questions about a story
  • State an opinion about a reading
  • End a sentence with a period or question mark

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

Use the pictures to help you figure out the words.
https://pixabay.com/en/old-female-woman-face-person-304605/ https://pixabay.com/en/airliner-plane-flying-airplane-309920/ https://pixabay.com/en/flowers-flower-plants-nature-macro-163716/
grandma plane flowers
https://pixabay.com/en/garden-gardening-plant-bed-art-576622/ https://pixabay.com/en/card-club-outlined-playing-black-157402/ https://pixabay.com/en/brain-think-human-idea-20424/
garden club know
https://pixabay.com/en/men-group-painting-crouching-158684/ https://pixabay.com/en/clock-kuechenuhr-time-time-of-499042/ https://pixabay.com/en/home-house-building-architecture-154691/
long time home
https://pixabay.com/en/girl-face-head-ponytail-pigtails-306765/
smile
Practice reading these words without the pictures.
time garden smile home club
flowers long know plane grandma

Word Skills

Word Patterns

The letters a, e, i, o, and u are called vowels. The letter o makes an /o/ sound like in octopus.

https://pixabay.com/en/octopus-purple-tentacle-squid-sea-311705/

The letter o says /o/ like in octopus.

Match each word to a picture.
log mop dot jog hot
cot cop pot top box
https://pixabay.com/en/policeman-cop-officer-police-head-303443/ https://pixabay.com/en/cardboard-box-cardboard-box-161578/ https://pixabay.com/en/mop-tool-cleaning-house-cleaner-42361/
 1. ____________ 2. ____________ 3. ____________
https://pixabay.com/en/dice-rolling-throwing-one-dot-312625/ https://pixabay.com/en/topspin-spin-top-spinning-spindle-304298/ https://pixabay.com/en/cot-purple-bed-sleep-sleeping-312131/
 4. ____________ 5. ____________ 6. ____________
https://pixabay.com/en/runner-running-long-distance-579328/ https://pixabay.com/en/cooking-pot-sauce-pan-pot-cooking-146459/ https://pixabay.com/en/tree-log-fallen-cartoon-nature-576846/
7. ____________ 8. ____________ 9. ____________
https://pixabay.com/en/bottle-hot-tabasco-sauce-food-576342/
10. ____________

Word Patterns

The letter u says /u/ like in up.

https://pixabay.com/en/arrows-blue-up-upload-glossy-147751/

The letter u says /u/ like in up.

Match each word to a picture.
sun mud rug mug pup
bug cup gum nut
https://pixabay.com/en/dog-pup-puppy-labrador-lab-34289/ https://pixabay.com/en/acorn-nut-nature-seed-150258/ https://pixabay.com/en/bug-animal-macro-369229/
11. ____________ 12. ____________ 13. ____________
https://pixabay.com/en/puddle-boots-child-mud-114348/ https://pixabay.com/en/sun-summer-sunlight-vacation-147426/ https://pixabay.com/en/bubblegum-face-blow-boy-brown-154057/
14. ____________ 15. ____________ 16. ____________
https://pixabay.com/en/rug-carpet-brown-white-oval-round-576081/ cup-661972_1280 coffetogo-50734_1280
17. ____________ 18.____________ 19. ____________
Pick the word that matches the picture.
20. https://pixabay.com/en/mop-tool-cleaning-house-cleaner-42361/ mup mop
21. https://pixabay.com/en/bug-animal-macro-369229/ bug bog
22. https://pixabay.com/en/bubblegum-face-blow-boy-brown-154057/ gum gom
23. https://pixabay.com/en/runner-running-long-distance-579328/ jog jug
24. https://pixabay.com/en/cup-lid-straw-disposable-soft-25180/ cop cup
25. https://pixabay.com/en/cardboard-box-cardboard-box-161578/ bux box
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read these sentences. Practice writing the words. Begin with an upper case letter.
The mug is hot.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Is this gum on the rug?
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Can you mop up the mud?
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
The pup had a nap on the cot.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
The cop sat on the log.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Ask your instructor to check your work.

You will see these words in the story. They all have the /o/ sound like octopus.

lot not on

You will see these words in the story. They all have the /u/ sound like up.

clubs but hunt

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to A New Flower. Then read A New Flower in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 1.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf1/?p=52

Check Your Understanding

1. Who goes on a plane for the first time?
________________ goes on a plane for the first time.

2. What does the grandma see that she has never seen before?
The grandma sees a ________________.

3. What three things do men do back home?
Back home, men ________________, ________________, and ________________.

4. What makes Dave different from the men back home?
Dave is different from the men back home because he knows about ________________.

5. Do you think the grandma likes Dave? Why or why not? Discuss with a classmate.

Writing

Below are all the letters of the alphabet. They are in upper case. Write each letter in lower case. The first one is done for you.
A ___a___ B _______ C _______ D _______
E _______ F _______ G _______ H _______
I _______ J _______ K _______ L _______
M _______ N _______ O _______ P _______
Q _______ R _______ S _______ T _______
U _______ V _______ W _______ X _______
Y _______ Z _______
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Grammar Rule

A sentence can be a question or a statement.

A question asks for information. It ends with a question mark.

What is your name?  – YES

What is your name  – NO

What is your name.  – NO

A statement gives information. It ends with a period.

My name is Ted.  – YES

My name is Ted  – NO

Writing Task

Think of a time when you acted differently from how people expect a man or woman to act. Tell the story to your instructor. Your instructor will write down your words. Then copy your story into your notebook.

When you are done, read your story.

  • Did you begin each sentence with an upper case letter?
  • Did you end each sentence with a period or question mark?
  • Are you missing any words?

Answer Key

Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
1 cop
2 box
3 mop
4 dot
5 top
6 cot
7 jog
8 pot
9 log
10 hot
11 pup
12 nut
13 bug
14 mud
15 sun
16 gum
17 rug
18 mug
19 cup
20 mop
21 bug
22 gum
23 jog
24 cup
25 box
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 The grandma
2 flower
3 hunt, fish, farm
4 flowers
Writing
UPPER CASE LOWER CASE
A a
B b
C c
D d
E e
F f
G g
H h
I i
J j
K k
L l
M m
N n
O o
P p
Q q
R r
S s
T t
U u
V v
W w
X x
Y y
Z z

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

3

The Sack Garden

https://www.flickr.com/photos/44221799@N08/8162300081/

Sack garden

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Print the alphabet in order using upper case letters
  • Hear, read, and write words with a short /e/
  • Hear, read, and write words with a long /e/ (spelled ee)
  • Copy short sentences
  • Read common sight words in a paragraph
  • Answer questions about a story
  • Describe the sequence of a story
  • State an opinion about a reading
  • Use an upper case letter to begin a person’s name

Talk About it

Picture Dictionary

Use the pictures to help you figure out the words.
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/85/Location_South_Africa_AU_Africa.svg https://pixabay.com/en/three-3-number-design-collection-706895/ https://c2.staticflickr.com/6/5198/5799640576_dc0f24aa59.jpg
South Africa three white
https://pixabay.com/en/agriculture-farm-landscape-nature-147828/ https://pixabay.com/en/bag-money-wealth-revenue-finance-147782/ https://pixabay.com/en/tree-natur-nightsky-cloud-stars-736887/
farm money land
https://pixabay.com/en/bag-sack-jute-brown-goods-156120/ https://pixabay.com/en/stones-rocks-pebbles-tranquil-zen-167089/ https://pixabay.com/en/target-germany-without-fail-middle-458001/
sack rock middle
https://pixabay.com/en/soil-hand-farm-garden-fertilizer-766281/ https://pixabay.com/en/one-1-number-design-collection-706897/ https://pixabay.com/en/golf-course-golfing-lawn-grass-310994/
dirt one hole
Practice reading these words without the pictures.
one sack land dirt
South Africa hole money three
white middle farm rock

Word Skills

The letters a, e, i, o, and u are called vowels. Vowels have short sounds and long sounds. So far, you have looked at short vowel sounds:

Word Patterns

A short /e/ makes an /e/ sound like in Expo.

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Expo86logo.svg

A short /e/ says /e/ like in Expo.

Match each word to a picture.
bed pet net red
web pen wet vet
https://pixabay.com/en/spider-s-web-cobweb-symmetric-black-306942/ https://pixabay.com/en/goal-football-net-soccer-151148/ https://pixabay.com/en/extinguisher-fire-fire-fighting-157772/
1.  ____________ 2. ____________ 3. ____________
https://pixabay.com/en/kitten-veterinarian-feline-doctor-569873/ https://pixabay.com/en/ball-pen-biro-pen-black-write-154998/ https://pixabay.com/en/bed-double-hotel-neat-pillow-307816/
4. ____________ 5. ____________ 6. ____________
https://pixabay.com/en/pet-cat-animal-domestic-cat-dear-726979/ https://pixabay.com/en/refreshment-splash-water-woman-438399/
7. ____________ 8. ____________

 

Word Patterns

Vowels can also make a long sound. The letters ee make a long /e/ sound like in jeep.

https://pixabay.com/en/jeep-green-automobile-38022/

The letters ee make a long /e/ sound like in jeep.

Match each word to a picture.
see bee green weed
tree feet three feed
https://pixabay.com/en/melon-fruit-watermelon-green-ripe-160240/ https://pixabay.com/en/honeybee-bee-flying-fly-insect-24633/ https://pixabay.com/en/feet-toes-footprints-black-glossy-150541/
9. __________ 10. __________ 11. __________
https://pixabay.com/en/glasses-glasses-constitution-490634/ https://pixabay.com/en/goat-lamb-petting-zoo-goat-animal-459463/ https://pixabay.com/en/oak-tree-summer-branches-leaves-309878/
12. __________ 13. __________ 14. __________
pay-634912_640 https://pixabay.com/en/grass-insects-dirt-weeds-ants-46135/
15. __________ 16. __________
Pick the word that matches the picture.
17. https://pixabay.com/en/refreshment-splash-water-woman-438399/ wet weet
18. https://pixabay.com/en/goal-football-net-soccer-151148/ neet net
19. https://pixabay.com/en/grass-insects-dirt-weeds-ants-46135/ weed wed
20. https://pixabay.com/en/glasses-glasses-constitution-490634/ se see
21. https://pixabay.com/en/spider-s-web-cobweb-symmetric-black-306942/ web weeb
22. https://pixabay.com/en/pet-cat-animal-domestic-cat-dear-726979/ peet pet
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read these sentences. Then copy them. Use upper case letters correctly. Use periods and question marks correctly.
My pet is at the vet.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
I did not see the bee.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
I got my feet wet.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
This is a red pen.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
She is not in bed.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Ask your instructor to check your work.

You will see these words in the reading. They have the short /e/ sound like Expo.

Meg rest eggplant

You will see these words in the reading. They have the long /e/ sound like jeep.

three feed weeds
green need

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to The Sack Garden. Then read The Sack Garden in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 1.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf1/?p=55

Check Your Understanding

1. Where does Meg live?
Meg lives in _____________________.

2. Who owns most of the farmland in South Africa?
_____________________ own most of the farmland in South Africa.

3. What does Meg use to grow a garden?
Meg uses a _____________________ to grow a garden.

Are these sentences true? Circle yes or no.
4. A sack garden costs a lot of money. yes no
5. A sack garden takes up a lot of room. yes no
6. A sack garden does not have many weeds. yes no

7. How do you make a sack garden? Put these steps in the right order (1, 2, 3).

_____ Make little holes in the side of the sack.

_____ Put dirt and rocks in the sack.

_____ Put plants in the holes.

Writing

Write all the letters of the alphabet in order. Use upper case letters.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Grammar Rule

Use an upper case letter at the beginning of a person’s name.

This is Meg.  – YES

This is meg.  – NO

Write your full name on the line below. Use upper case letters to begin each name.

_______________________________________________________

Find a classmate. Write their full name on the line below. Use upper case letters to begin each name.

_______________________________________________________

Find another classmate. Write their full name on the line below. Use upper case letters to begin each name.

_______________________________________________________

Writing Task

Have you ever had a garden?

If so, tell your instructor about your garden. Your instructor will write down your words. Then copy your story into your notebook.

If not, imagine you were going to plant a garden. Think about what you would want to grow. Your instructor will write down your words. Then copy your story into your notebook.

When you are done, read your story.

  • Did you begin each sentence with an upper case letter?
  • Did you use an upper case letter at the beginning of a person’s name?
  • Did you end each sentence with a period or question mark?
  • Are you missing any words?

Answer Key

Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
1 web
2 net
3 red
4 vet
5 pen
6 bed
7 pet
8 wet
9 green
10 bee
11 feet
12 see
13 feed
14 tree
15 three
16 weed
17 wet
18 net
19 weed
20 see
21 web
22 pet
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 South Africa
2 white people
3 sack
4 no
5 no
6 yes
7 2, 1, 3
Writing
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

4

Val's Garden

https://pixabay.com/en/vegetables-vegetable-basket-harvest-752153/

Box of vegetables

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Print the alphabet in order using lower case letters
  • Read and write words with the endings -s, -ing, and -ed
  • Copy short sentences
  • Read common sight words in a paragraph
  • Answer questions about a story
  • Complete sentences by adding a missing word
  • Use an upper case letter to begin a person’s name

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

Use the pictures to help you figure out the words.
https://pixabay.com/en/chick-hatching-egg-egg-shell-155546/ https://pixabay.com/en/skyscrapers-city-skyscraper-zirkel-529684/ https://www.flickr.com/photos/lelivingandco/13677166343/in/photolist-mQB43P-poSuvt-4K4ZhG-4vhnwt-754Pkr-9K2Bc5-VUE3P-nY2jq4-4LexJj-8aokZK-dR8t5u-5SzGLP-92QDyV-dkHDiH-ayDKwP-7AMHBe-auWj2r-6RMhHg-hnhr83-auWkeg-6k796x-cmLEay-gsbj43-9JYMkV-6W4jvb-d4UoW1-5s7fgR-4zDXDL-6KuuUa-oo8Tak-87kxay-54heMW-4DTTzy-9ANxw8-7HgeNW-9JYLWB-peavjw-8LrK4j-4ovjyU-e7YtaX-5p3YBB-dzzrcS-NS1BN-gqS6At-9oqyhE-a4uPkp-6UrDvo-gFDPL8-eM1mhP-mVdxQg
new city vegetables
https://pixabay.com/en/wonder-woman-superhero-superheroes-533663/ https://www.flickr.com/photos/pat00139/5635999783/in/photolist-9A2Yo4-8Sgs8R-dKdaVJ-5wgNZD-9jAYC4-bNkh9T-5WrnCC-9wAZFY-4Z9cEz-9r1vNq-9afGiW-miRHTK-8CpziJ-r4R3cz-eMjt2o-9Y1YhN-8fJp5K-dK7sJM-t4u8a5-8fquc9-kR5PJC-4K3FCa-a1Uvvt-6yAB7g-apqRZL-n9q6f-dZrhkt-9xVzD1-747Grh-bghcqK-9TgwMR-9Fv9Ek-oKnHqA-81rqcy-82u7L2-8Db39t-kTBCJB-8bpC3x-dKdw9x-76uRw5-mUWR4K-71KKQ7-czwmM1-7xyzqx-nzAifg-bwUgbw-bj5dkB-jACJgh-9E2yLc-nY6EBM https://pixabay.com/en/carrots-vegetables-vegetable-garden-673201/
woman sidewalk carrots
https://pixabay.com/en/tomato-bunch-mature-red-food-473764/ https://pixabay.com/en/green-beans-beans-fresh-raw-green-519439/ https://pixabay.com/en/peas-vegetable-healthy-health-16803/
tomatoes beans peas
https://pixabay.com/en/communication-smalltalk-chat-talk-533621/ https://pixabay.com/en/penguin-animal-bird-cold-family-156669/ https://pixabay.com/en/wall-door-inset-entry-closed-295466/
talk family door
Practice reading these words without the pictures.
sidewalk peas carrots family
door city woman vegetables
talk beans new tomatoes

Word Skills

Word Patterns

Words can have endings. Some common word endings are –s, –ing, and –ed.

s ing ed
look looks looking looked
pull pulls pulling pulled
talk talks talking talked
1. Fill in this chart.
s ing ed
bill
fill
walk
pick
kick
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Word Patterns

The word ending –s can show there is more than one of something.
carrot-148563_640 https://pixabay.com/en/carrots-vegetable-vegetarian-food-768236/
carrot carrots
https://www.flickr.com/photos/unitedsoybean/9623503198 https://pixabay.com/en/green-beans-beans-fresh-raw-green-519439/
bean beans
https://www.flickr.com/photos/erix/6900874453/ https://www.flickr.com/photos/haprog/4002891340/in/photolist-76HS8W-5qeSt4-r6x4b3-BwbFg-dSSnSf-sWG1qh-o2JWYW-sdoTu-o9otzg-tpL5wL-fnqc9D-f5EXn4-25j1XF-fnEpnd-htSrzw-rwe2mB-cNPiKf-bwfHFH-NtK1K-3HLRrn-mvp7qi-2iVSaz-5723MN-oSCE3k-87WDSc-8V9yRC-8scHNq-62UT8Z-jGSHEf-fnqcU6-fc2XLN-je2TRz-fnEq3W-rRRn8h-bytCeJ-5iCw1g-mU8hfc-Bn87D-rqp4sR-8Bh69y-K4dMY-8hZT56-doHJRv-fnEx5S-nHj7RS-JNpg6-9R5JUM-84a2oD-fnqcD8-gpPCie
pea peas
How many do you see?
2. https://pixabay.com/en/egg-carton-egg-food-cardboard-png-788022/  egg or eggs?
 3. https://pixabay.com/en/stones-rocks-pebbles-tranquil-zen-167089/  rock or rocks?
4. https://pixabay.com/en/bug-animal-macro-369229/  bug or bugs?
5. https://pixabay.com/en/pen-pens-leave-writing-tool-coolie-769052/  pen or pens?
6. https://pixabay.com/en/oak-tree-summer-branches-leaves-309878/ tree or trees?
7. https://pixabay.com/en/rat-animal-mammal-mouse-pest-pet-312046/ rat or rats?
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read the sentences. Then copy them. Use upper case letters, periods, and question marks correctly.
The dog naps with the cats.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
This log has bugs on it.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Tim jogs a lot.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
The kids got on the bus.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Can you get the red cups?
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Ask your instructor to check your work.

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to Val’s Garden. Then read Val’s Garden in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 1.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf1/?p=57

Check Your Understanding

garden family new vegetables
box passes on Val sidewalk
Fill in the blanks with the right word or words.

1. I am _______________ to the city.

2. A woman named _______________ lives next door.

3. She grows a vegetable garden by the _______________.

4. She gives me a _______________ of vegetables.

5. She _______________.

6. I take care of her _______________.

7. A _______________ moves next door.

8. I give them a box of _______________ from Val’s garden.

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing

Grammar Rule

You can use words from a question to make your own sentence.

Question: Who has a garden?
Answer: Val has a garden.
Question: What vegetables are in Val’s garden?
Answer: Carrots, tomatoes, beans, and peas are in Val’s garden.
Question: Who moves next door when Val passes on?
Answer: A family moves next door when Val passes on.
Question: What is given to the family next door?
Answer: A box of vegetables is given to the family next door.
Answer the questions. Use the underlined words to form your answer.

1. Who talks to plants?

____________________________________________________

2. What gets dry after Val passes on?

____________________________________________________

3. What looks sad after Val passes on?

____________________________________________________

4. Write all the letters of the alphabet in order. Use lower case letters.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing Task

Think of a time when a neighbour was nice to you, or a time when you were nice to a neighbour. Tell the story to your instructor. Your instructor will write down what you say. Then copy the story into your notebook.

When you are done, read your story.

  • Did you begin each sentence with an upper case letter?
  • Did you use an upper case letter at the beginning of a person’s name?
  • Did you end each sentence with a period or question mark?
  • Are you missing any words?

Answer Key

Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
1
s ing ed
bill  bills billing  billed
fill  fills  filling  filled
walk  walks  walking  walked
pick  picks  picking  picked
kick kicks kicking  kicked
2 eggs
3 rocks
4 bug
5 pens
6 tree
7 rat
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 new
2 Val
3 sidewalk
4 box
5 passes on
6 garden
7 family
8 vegetables
Writing
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Val talks to plants.
2  The dirt gets dry after Val passes on.
3  The plants looks sad after Val passes on.
4 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

5

GM Food

https://pixabay.com/en/laboratory-scientists-research-385349/

Making GM food

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Hear, read, and write blends with r, l, and t
  • Copy short sentences
  • Read common sight words in a paragraph
  • Answer questions about a story
  • State an opinion about a reading
  • Give sentence answers to questions

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

Use the pictures to help you figure out the words.
https://pixabay.com/en/safety-helmet-construction-hard-hat-296519/ https://pixabay.com/en/girl-cold-freeze-woman-hat-winter-15715/ https://pixabay.com/en/weather-symbols-temperature-rain-153934/
hard cold weather
corn crop weather https://pixabay.com/en/apples-kiwi-oranges-fruit-vitamins-428075/
crop rain fruits
https://pixabay.com/en/house-home-sold-brick-for-sale-435618/ https://pixabay.com/en/money-coins-gold-currency-coin-605075/ https://www.flickr.com/photos/tamuc/14712256866/in/photolist-oq5ap9-eEzLNa-4rHEHp-5YESqj-bshHip-drYxQ-eEFNaQ-eEzFJM-eFz4Nj-f7m2pH-eFKqvU-8Se9UE-N5Huj-6T8wzV-bcMJae-anWBN2-aeqx31-8fShWc-71TDu9-5gVzK-otUCZ-N5HtQ-ato42V-6KtBn2-M9zaW-h9nvyC-7zYZT2-obGn3T-otaMN2-cM8sp1-8693gm-aJ3fE-81q1Kh-qa85E6-qjhuos-9owXVu-fKdnwp-chfgLq-fXQQBh-d46X1h-mJ4Ydt-dxhnhb-8DvFzq-aLfDQB-4KtKe5-8Vn3Wv-o5GwDx-aDz9aX-eEzMoZ-eEFTfy
sold change company
https://www.flickr.com/photos/surfergirl30/7975718865/in/photolist-d9MDme-5GnYBM-3eothv-4vGdwm-8wBpZE-qc58-6FSDD9-e7UAuF-cQq6xG-6PWeWb-5tpvHX-aEgdh-9AND4Q-nBKAxH-a36wSo-aiyEsW-auisxz-58fK7i-qravLU-72b66a-8PybHq-ivG69R-9AQWFJ-3dmd9h-cgKSa-9ueZq1-b8bdhD-n9fToS-8WBgaH-a2MB7-5Go9ov-d9nqbJ-8LP9R6-962grw-bwDcj7-azRCM-7BTtnW-92s9aT-4B3Qxo-5USMf-b9gD3M-4EQnJs-b8bbaF-5CbcTW-8L1S2r-5jhfU6-7Fwt7x-98nPbA-5wNUMN-J2gaD https://pixabay.com/en/bird-grey-dark-perched-silhouette-312769/ test
help bird test
Practice reading these words without the pictures.
sold test fruits crop
hard help weather rain
bird change company cold

Word Skills

Word Patterns

A consonant is any letter that is not a vowel. For example, the letters b, c, d, f, g, h, and j are consonants. A blend is when two consonants go together and each consonant makes a sound.

The letters dr in drip are a blend.

https://pixabay.com/en/water-drip-drop-blue-macro-90781/

The letters dr in drip are a blend.

Read these words. Underline the blend. The first one is done for you.
https://pixabay.com/en/hands-clapping-applause-309140/ https://pixabay.com/en/frog-tree-frog-amphibian-152633/ https://pixabay.com/en/steps-stairs-up-staircase-stairway-388914/
1. clap 2. frog 3. step
https://pixabay.com/en/plum-food-fruit-berry-sweet-plant-148405/ https://pixabay.com/en/drum-music-beat-sound-african-307908/ https://pixabay.com/en/stop-sign-traffic-sign-stop-37020/
4. plum 5. drum 6. stop
https://pixabay.com/en/golf-club-club-golf-outdoors-159366/ https://pixabay.com/en/cradle-crib-baby-teddy-wooden-308342/ https://pixabay.com/en/shooting-star-meteoroid-star-147722/
7. club 8. crib 9. star
https://pixabay.com/en/canada-flag-canadian-country-159585/ https://pixabay.com/en/crab-crustacean-shell-sea-seafood-42880/ https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stem_morphology_type_scape.svg
10. flag 11. crab 12. stem
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Practice reading these words without the pictures.
crab star club
stem plum clap
step flag crib
frog stop drum
Your instructor will read these words to you. Underline the blend in each word. You will see these words in the story.
crop fruit grow
dry stay cold
sold test
Read the sentences. Then copy them. Use upper case letters, periods, and question marks correctly.
Stop the car.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Do not step on the bug.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
We put up a flag.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
He hit the drum.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Was she bitten by a crab?
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Ask your instructor to check your work.

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to GM Food. Then read GM Food in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 1.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf1/?p=59

Check Your Understanding

Does each sentence say something good or bad about GM food?
1. GM food can grow in cold weather. good bad
2. GM food may kill bugs we need, like butterflies. good bad
3. GM food may make birds sick. good bad
4. GM food can stop bugs from eating it. good bad
5. GM food may make people sick. good bad
6. There have not been many tests on GM food. good bad
7. GM food may grow in dry land in Africa. good bad
8. GM food can stay good longer. good bad
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

9. Do you think farmers should grow GM food? Use the underlined words to help form your answer.

____________________________________________________

Ask your instructor to check your work.

Writing

Grammar Rule

You can use words from a question to form an answer.

Question: Why is farming a hard job?

Answer: Farming is a hard job because cold weather can kill your crops.

Two things changed from the question to the answer:

  1. is farming changed to farming is
  2. because was used
Answer this question in three more ways.

Why is farming a hard job?

1. _____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________

2. _____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________

3. _____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing Task

Have you ever visited a farm? Or have you ever visited a farmers’ market? Tell your instructor about your visit. Your instructor will write down your words. Then copy your story into your notebook.

When you are done, read your story.

  • Did you begin each sentence with an upper case letter?
  • Did you use an upper case letter at the beginning of a person’s name?
  • Did you end each sentence with a period or question mark?
  • Are you missing any words?

Answer Key

Word Patterns
QUESTION ANSWER
1 clap
2 frog
3 step
4 plum
5 drum
6 stop
7 club
8 crib
9 star
10 flag
11 crab
12 stem
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 good
2 bad
3 bad
4 good
5 bad
6 bad
7 good
8 good
Writing
(Any three of the sentences below are correct.)
Farming is a hard job because bugs can eat your crops.
Farming is a hard job because weeds can hurt your crops.
Farming is a hard job because your crops may need more rain than they get.
Farming is a hard job because fruits and vegetables can go bad before they are sold.

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

6

Tomatoes

https://pixabay.com/en/cherry-hand-handheld-matina-red-88403/

Tomatoes

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Hear, read, and write words with digraphs (sh, th, ch, and ck)
  • Copy short sentences
  • Read common sight words in a paragraph
  • Answer questions about a story
  • State an opinion about a reading
  • Name some common symbols

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

Use the pictures to help you figure out the words.
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/02/LocationSouthAmerica.png https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/de/Europe_orthographic_Caucasus_Urals_boundary.svg/2000px-Europe_orthographic_Caucasus_Urals_boundary.svg.png https://pixabay.com/en/doctor-medicine-1st-aid-first-aid-145536/
South America Europe doctor
https://pixabay.com/en/earth-globe-planet-world-147591/ https://pixabay.com/en/tomato-soup-tomato-soup-sauce-482403/ https://pixabay.com/en/soup-bowl-food-steam-pot-steaming-297736/
world sauce soup
https://pixabay.com/en/juice-carton-apple-drink-fresh-309170/ https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5b/Fresh_Salsa_2009_bg.jpg https://pixabay.com/en/ketchup-sauce-tomato-hot-bottle-29755/
juice salsa ketchup
https://pixabay.com/en/rosenblatt-leaf-wasserperlen-wet-781687/ https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stem_morphology_type_scape.svg https://pixabay.com/en/space-saturn-science-fiction-54999/
leaf stem space
https://pixabay.com/en/boxing-equipment-gloves-sports-158519/ Spain-flag-map-plus-ultra https://www.flickr.com/photos/35560790@N03/3750144332
fight Spain taste
Practice reading these words without the pictures.
doctor sauce leaf taste fight
juice soup world stem Europe
South America Spain space ketchup salsa

Word Skills

Word Patterns

A digraph is when two letters together make one sound. Here are some common digraphs.
sh like in ship https://pixabay.com/en/ship-medieval-historic-nautical-409553/
ch like in chin https://pixabay.com/en/smile-laugh-girl-teeth-mouth-chin-122705/
th like in thumb https://pixabay.com/en/thumb-favorite-hand-arm-handle-422147/
ck like in sock https://pixabay.com/en/sock-stripes-striped-clothing-161411/
Say what is in the picture. What digraph is in each word?
https://pixabay.com/en/goldfish-carassius-fish-golden-red-537832/

1

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocking_stone#/media/File:Clochoderick_Stone.JPG

2

https://pixabay.com/en/mallard-anas-platyrhynchos-drake-653027/

3

sh     ch     th     ck sh     ch     th     ck sh     ch     th     ck
https://pixabay.com/en/pringles-chips-snack-junk-food-331944/

4

https://pixabay.com/en/bathtub-water-bathroom-bath-shower-297534/

5

https://pixabay.com/en/cheese-food-slice-lunch-meal-159788/

6

sh     ch     th     ck sh     ch     th     ck sh     ch     th     ck
https://pixabay.com/en/sheep-dike-sky-clouds-meadow-759816/

7

https://pixabay.com/en/pay-gold-three-number-digit-3d-634912/

8

https://pixabay.com/en/padlock-portable-locks-shackle-24051/

9

sh     ch     th     ck sh     ch     th     ck sh     ch     th     ck
How many sounds do you hear in these words?

10

mop-42361_640

mop

3

11

https://pixabay.com/en/sun-summer-sunlight-vacation-147426/

sun

_______

12

https://pixabay.com/en/spider-s-web-cobweb-symmetric-black-306942/

web

_______

13

https://pixabay.com/en/goldfish-carassius-fish-golden-red-537832/

fish

_______

14

https://pixabay.com/en/padlock-portable-locks-shackle-24051/

lock

_______

15

crab-42880_640

crab

_______

16

https://pixabay.com/en/stop-sign-traffic-sign-stop-37020/

stop

_______
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read the sentences. Then copy them. Use upper case letters, periods, question marks, and exclamation marks correctly.
Get in the bath.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
The fish is wet.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Do not lock me in!
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
I cut my chin.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Ask your instructor to check your work.

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to Tomatoes. Then read Tomatoes in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 1.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf1/?p=61

Check Your Understanding

Answer these questions. Use the underlined words from the question to form your answer.

1. Who used to tell people that tomatoes would make them sick?

____________________________________________

2. What part of the tomato plant will make people sick?

____________________________________________

3. What place has a big tomato fight every year?

____________________________________________

4. Why do farms pick tomatoes before they are ripe?

____________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing

Grammar Rule

This is how to write an address:

639 Sun Street
Golden, British Columbia V0A 1H0

Write your address on the lines below.

_______________________________________

_______________________________________

_______________________________________

Ask your instructor to check your work.
Match the word with the correct symbol.
equals dollars and
at plus

&

$

+

=

@

1.

_____

2.

_____

3.

_____

4.

_____

5.

_____

Fill in the blank with the correct symbol.

6. The bill came to ___ 10.00.

7. My email is tim___gmail.com.

8. Kim ___ Sam got a cat.

9. One ___ one = two.

10. Two + two ___ 4.

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing Task

Think of a food you like to make using tomatoes. Tell your instructor how you make this food. Your instructor will write down your words. Then copy your story into your notebook.

When you are done, read your story.

  • Did you begin each sentence with an upper case letter?
  • Did you use an upper case letter at the beginning of a person’s name?
  • Did you end each sentence with a period or question mark?
  • Are you missing any words?

Answer Key

Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
1 fish, sh
2 rock, ck
3 duck, ck
4 chip, ch
5 bath, th
6 cheese, ch
7 sheep, sh
8 three, th
9 lock, ck
10 3
11 3
12 3
13 3
14 3
15 4
16 4
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Doctors used to tell people that tomatoes would make them sick.
2 A tomato leaf or stem will make people sick.
3 Spain has a big tomato fight every year.
4 Farms pick tomatoes before they are ripe because they last longer this way.
Writing
QUESTION ANSWER
1 and
2 dollars
3 plus
4 equals
5 at
6 $
7 @
8 &
9 +
10 =

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

7

Grow Your Own Tomatoes

https://www.flickr.com/photos/suzettesuzette/4623910740/in/photolist-83AKyY-6za5Ch-6upMGg-7xwv6A-a3T6rX-a3VWdJ-8EfBkj-cLy8Fh-fGMHs-fi92gv-fukWUe-kNTKn-uaXK-93GgGm-6CdCNe-ehJBJR-93GfFb-5vFhz1-oUrqe5-8frDZP-6NaaGa-7a4syY-6NfsD1-6NffAf-cropcC-6NbfBP-6Nfz8j-6qj8Zx-2n88Lf-exPUKD-82KzWt-cKXrZ5-8qB69K-eQQPfd-oDNKLZ-oDRTXL-oE5sWZ-onA2cY-oE5ukF-oE3K6d-onzSui-d9ZeDM-6Nennb-duqGMJ-6NbeXZ-6NfmZd-6NfqkC-6NfdpQ-89xwkY-f35nN4

Growing tomatoes

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Hear, read, and write words with short vowels
  • Copy short sentences
  • Read common sight words in a paragraph
  • Answer questions about a story
  • State an opinion about a reading
  • Complete sentences by adding a word

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

Use the pictures to help you figure out the words.
Dirt on Hand https://pixabay.com/en/pug-dog-pet-animal-puppy-cute-801826/ window
potting soil warm window
https://pixabay.com/en/time-timer-clock-watch-hour-371226/ https://pixabay.com/en/businessman-profession-workwear-676360/ https://pixabay.com/en/branch-old-stick-brown-wood-308013/
hour tie stick
https://pixabay.com/en/pencils-crayons-colourful-rainbow-452238/ https://pixabay.com/en/africa-african-animal-ass-behind-275957/
colour bottom
Practice reading these words without the pictures.
hour stick bottom colour
window warm potting soil tie

Word Skills

Word Patterns

You have learned to read these vowel sounds:

a says /a/ like apple
e says /e/ like Expo
i says /i/ like itch
o says /o/ like octopus
u says /u/ like up

You will see these short vowel words in the story. Read each word. Listen to the short vowel sound. Sort it in the list below.
pot big sun wet bit
yet top add pack pick
/a/ like apple /e/ like Expo /i/ like itch /o/ like octopus /u/ like up
 

 

 

 

 

 

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Can you think of more short vowel words? Add your words to the chart.
Read the sentences. Then copy them. Use upper case letters, periods, and question marks correctly.
Is the pot hot?
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Did you pack yet?
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
The bug bit me.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Do not pop the zit.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
We sat in the sun.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Ask your instructor to check your work.

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to Grow Your Own Tomatoes. Then read Grow Your Own Tomatoes in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 1.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf1/?p=63

Check Your Understanding

sun ripe pot seed wet
  1. Fill the _____________ with soil.
  2. Put a _____________ in the soil.
  3. Add water. Keep the soil _____________.
  4. Put the pot by a window with lots of _____________.
  5. Pick the tomatoes when they are _____________.
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing Task

Have you ever picked fruit, such as berries, in a field, forest, or orchard? Tell the story to your instructor. Your instructor will write down your words. Then copy your story into your notebook.

When you are done, read your story.

  • Did you begin each sentence with an upper case letter?
  • Did you use an upper case letter at the beginning of a person’s name?
  • Did you end each sentence with a period or question mark?
  • Are you missing any words?

Answer Key

Word Skills
/a/ like apple /e/ like Expo /i/ like itch /o/ like octopus /u/ like up
add

pack

wet

yet

bit

big

pick

top

pot

 sun
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 pot
2 seed
3 wet
4 sun
5 ripe

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

8

Canada's Tallest Tree

https://pixabay.com/en/birch-tree-adventure-outdoors-569341/

Tall trees

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Hear, read, and write words with long vowels
  • Copy short sentences
  • Read common sight words in a paragraph
  • Answer questions about a story
  • Give sentence answers to questions

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

Use the pictures to help you figure out the words.
https://pixabay.com/en/hunter-rifleman-fighter-huntsman-160297/ https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5f/Vancouver-island-relief.jpg https://www.flickr.com/photos/seattlemunicipalarchives/9565131658/in/photolist-fzeNp5-cBJWco-34cw2D-7VibtD-nainDw-fYnkUq-34k6se-ncm7ia-34h9QC-34Mtoi-34cBVB-pVNFse-34k8vD-34cBhX-34k6WZ-34h8CY-H2MtR-34pD17-cBKbu5-cBKm4W-H2KhL-cBmhz7-5kSzUW-ffyF24-34h4bJ-34k84H-34k5Dx-34pEwb-7PSm76-mhtYtz-qUZUr6-cBKgzA-cBKrRm-cBK2J7-mhuXC5-5yeZxq-aJVCPp-tCWYXQ-vKCUq-8foPwz-exjCR1-34Mu4t-5BVdEC-81sgK3-7cKUTx-5mAaac-ffyCkk-fes8SL-79XVX1-79XVX5
hunt Vancouver Island logger
https://pixabay.com/en/road-sun-rays-path-forest-815297/ https://pixabay.com/en/pine-forest-pad-glade-misty-273826/ https://pixabay.com/en/giraffe-tall-spots-long-neck-tail-48393/
path forest tall
https://www.flickr.com/photos/pagedooley/2966983310/in/photolist-5wbyLE-qKWiSd-rA4Xsc-rU6YPn-p2xh91-2ovcyx-aeHe3J-bvPP78-eP6wFn-7wi2pA-cnKV7L-otD4jL-8ij6Zt-kstFG-dsrpik-397qUG-4TkoQR-oRrSaX-EeG12-4TpBAW-4Tkp5v-4TkoXM-8m5pUR-LohNd-7AAyK3-o1eK7M-64sGNd-6L3Hfu-5xf5mC-e8NSrb-4TpB6Q-qXeGaj-4jcxUd-64osiz-6rg4Hy-8y8cVb-3eaEE7-nhy5ob-6xKSCL-6Dp4Bw-8vdn9E-6xFHCP-pBh2cP-4Dj2K3-8s1pMM-cEewcj-4WFdKi-awfFdx-94b3b5-6QsnW1 https://pixabay.com/en/bench-park-pond-lake-water-801727/ https://pixabay.com/en/danger-warning-signs-triangle-34250/
awe park risk
https://pixabay.com/en/arrows-blue-down-download-glossy-147753/
down
Practice reading these words without the pictures.
forest awe down hunt tall
risk Vancouver Island logger park path

Word Skills

Word Patterns

Many words end in e. The e is silent but can make the first vowel in the word say its name.

https://pixabay.com/en/hat-baseball-cap-295184/

cap

https://pixabay.com/en/hero-stickman-stick-figure-307036/

cape

https://pixabay.com/en/emergency-doctor-medkit-kit-medical-147857/

kit

https://pixabay.com/en/kite-fly-red-tail-308565/

kite

https://pixabay.com/en/burglar-thief-robber-robbery-house-294485/

rob

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bathrobe.jpg

robe

Match the word to the picture.
rake dime nose cake
nine home rice gate
https://pixabay.com/en/chopsticks-rice-sticky-rice-food-154545/ https://www.flickr.com/photos/33755808@N08/3430282260 https://pixabay.com/en/goal-metal-input-iron-old-819980/
1. _____________ 2. _____________ 3. _____________
https://pixabay.com/en/home-house-building-architecture-154691/ https://pixabay.com/en/rake-leaves-tool-garden-fall-24250/ https://pixabay.com/en/nose-nostril-human-outline-307159/
4. _____________ 5. _____________ 6. _____________
https://pixabay.com/en/nine-number-digit-3d-light-fill-217896/ https://pixabay.com/en/cake-chocolate-candle-one-icing-305217/
7. _____________ 8. _____________
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
You will see these words in the story. Practice reading them.
name like made
take more save
Read the sentences. Then copy them. Use upper case letters, periods, question marks, and exclamation marks correctly.
Meg has nine cats.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Lock the gate.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
What is your name?
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Save me!
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Can I have more cake?
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM

 

Ask your instructor to check your work.

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to Canada’s Tallest Tree. Then read Canada’s Tallest Tree in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 1.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf1/?p=65

Check Your Understanding

Answer these questions. Use the underlined words to help you form a sentence.

1. Where is Canada’s tallest tree?

___________________________________________________

2. How tall is Canada’s tallest tree?

___________________________________________________

3. Who was the first person to find Canada’s tallest tree?

___________________________________________________

4. What did the forest with Canada’s tallest tree become?

___________________________________________________

5. What are many of BC’s old forests at risk of?

___________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing Task

Think of a time something in nature filled you with awe, or made you feel amazed. Tell the story to your instructor. Your instructor will write down your words. Then copy your story into your notebook.

When you are done, read your story.

  • Did you begin each sentence with an upper case letter?
  • Did you use an upper case letter at the beginning of a person’s name?
  • Did you end each sentence with a period or question mark?
  • Are you missing any words?

Answer Key

Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
1 rice
2 dime
3 gate
4 home
5 rake
6 nose
7 nine
8 cake
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Canada’s tallest tree is on Vancouver Island.
2 Canada’s tallest tree is 314 feet tall.
3 A logger was the first person to find Canada’s tallest tree.
4 The forest with Canada’s tallest tree is now a park.
5 Many of BC’s old forests are at risk of being cut down.

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

9

Arctic Plants

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a2/Arctic_Poppy_2001-07-16.jpg

Arctic poppies

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Identify rhyming words
  • Copy short sentences
  • Read common sight words in a paragraph
  • Answer questions about a story
  • Give sentence answers to questions
  • Give an opinion on a reading

Talk About It

Picture Dictionary

Use the pictures to help you figure out the words.
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f2/Canadian_Arctic_Archipelago.svg/2000px-Canadian_Arctic_Archipelago.svg.png https://pixabay.com/en/rose-beautiful-beauty-bloom-729509/ https://pixabay.com/en/snowflake-snow-snowing-winter-cold-554635/
arctic beautiful winter
https://pixabay.com/en/tree-silhouette-mysterious-407256/ https://pixabay.com/en/vacation-recreation-beach-island-149960/ https://pixabay.com/en/melt-ice-cube-ice-melting-blue-25202/
dark summer ice
https://pixabay.com/en/drops-of-water-water-nature-liquid-578897/ https://pixabay.com/en/thermometer-sun-water-reflection-501608/ https://pixabay.com/en/connect-connection-cooperation-20333/
water heat together
https://pixabay.com/p-294569/?no_redirect https://pixabay.com/en/weeping-willow-pasture-tree-old-261458/ https://pixabay.com/en/poppy-orange-poppy-red-poppy-32120/
wind willow poppy
https://pixabay.com/en/light-bulb-filament-lamp-orange-311119/
bright
Practice reading these words without the pictures.
beautiful dark winter wind willow
bright heat together water summer
arctic ice poppy

Word Skills

Word Patterns

Two words rhyme when the endings sound the same. For example, these words rhyme:

  • car and bar
  • net and jet
  • fill and hill
  • pot and rot
  • nut and cut
Find the words that rhyme. The first one is done for you.
sun land try run mice
lot ice hand sky dot

1. sun                                run                       

2. ______________          ______________

3. ______________          ______________

4. ______________          ______________

5. ______________          ______________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read the sentences. Then copy them. Use upper case letters, periods, and question marks correctly.
The mice hid in the hole.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Do you like this dish?
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Do not slip on the ice.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Can we chat?
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
We had a lot of fun.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Ask your instructor to check your work.

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to Arctic Plants. Then read Arctic Plants in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 1.

An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: https://opentextbc.ca/abealf1/?p=67

Check Your Understanding

Answer these questions. Use the underlined words to form a sentence.

1. How long does summer in the arctic last?

___________________________________________________

2. What plant adds a bit of heat to the ground so other plants can grow?

___________________________________________________

3. What do the plants do to last in the cold wind?

___________________________________________________

4. Why is the arctic willow different from other trees?

___________________________________________________

5. What does the arctic poppy always face?

___________________________________________________

6. What plant do you like best?

___________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing Task

Think of a time when you had to be strong and brave. Tell the story to your instructor. Your instructor will write down your words. Then copy your story into your notebook.

When you are done, read your story.

  • Did you begin each sentence with an upper case letter?
  • Did you use an upper case letter at the beginning of a person’s name?
  • Did you end each sentence with a period or question mark?
  • Are you missing any words?

Answer Key

Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
1 sun, run
2 land, hand
3 try, sky
4 mice, ice
5 lot, dot
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Summer in the arctic lasts for just a few weeks.
2 Arctic moss adds a bit of heat to the ground so other plants can grow.
3 Plants stay together to last in the cold wind.
4 The arctic willow is different from other trees because it grows on its side.
5 The arctic poppy always faces the sun.
6 Answers will vary.

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.

1

Appendix: Level 1 Scope and Sequence

For detailed information on the contents of each chapter in this course pack, please refer to the Level 1 Scope and Sequence [PDF] document. A print-friendly version is also provided on the following page.

Level 1 Scope & Sequence

2

Attributions

Sweetgrass

Wetland
Elkwater Lakes by Plains and Prairie Potholes Landscape Conservation is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

Hurt
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Street
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Braid
Braid step by step by Chris used under a CC BY SA 3.0 license.

House
Image byClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Grass
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Break
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Feelings
Image by Gadini is in the public domain.

Bend
Image by PublicDomainPictures is in the public domain.

Walk
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Roots
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

The letter a says /a/ like in apple.
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 1
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 2
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 3
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 4
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 5
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 6
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 7
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 8
Image by SeifenBlase is in the public domain.

The letter i says /i/ like in itch.
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 9
Image by OpenClipartVectors  is in the public domain.

Photo 10
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 11
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 12
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 13
Image by Hans is in the public domain.

Photo 14
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 15
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 16
Image by Hans is in the public domain.

Photo 17
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 18
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 19
Image by SeifenBlase is in the public domain.

Photo 20
Image by a class=”hover_opacity” href=”https://pixabay.com/en/users/ClkerFreeVectorImages-3736/”>ClkerFreeVectorImagesis in the public domain.

A New Flower

Grandma
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Plane
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Flowers
Image by PublicDomainPictures is in the public domain.

Garden
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Club
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Know
Image by PublicDomainPictures is in the public domain.

Long
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Time
Image by stux is in the public domain.

Home
Image by OpenClipartVectorsis in the public domain.

Smile
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

The letter o says /o/ like in octopus.
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 1
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 2
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 3
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 4
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 5
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImagesis in the public domain.

Photo 6
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 7
Image by skeeze is in the public domain.

Photo 8
Image by OpenClipartVectorsis in the public domain.

Photo 9
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 10
Image by OpenClipartVectorsis in the public domain.

The letter u says /u/ like in up.
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 11
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 12
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 13
Image by Ben_Kerckx is in the public domain.

Photo 14
Image by 99pixel is in the public domain.

Photo 15
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 16
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 17
Image by OpenClipartVectorsis in the public domain.

Photo 18
Image by jah7546 is in the public domain.

Photo 19
Image by eismannhans is in the public domain.

Photo 20
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 21
Image by Ben_Kerckx is in the public domain.

Photo 22
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 23
Image by skeeze is in the public domain.

Photo 24
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 25
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

The Sack Garden

Sack garden
Sack garden by Engineering for Change is used under a CC BY SA 2.0 license.

South Africa
Map of South Africa by Alvaro1984 18 is in the public domain

Three
Image by PeteLinforth is in the public domain.

White
White Crayon by Paolo Neo is in the public domain.

Farm
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Money
Image by OpenClipartVectorsis in the public domain.

Land
Image by Bessi is in the public domain.

Sack
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Rock
Image by sarajuggernaut is in the public domain.

Middle
Image by HebiFot is in the public domain.

Dirt
Image by Jing is in the public domain.

One
Image by PeteLinforth is in the public domain.

Hole
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

The letter e says /e/ like in Expo.
Expo 86 exhibition is in the public domain.

Photo 1
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 2
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 3
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 4
Image by skeeze is in the public domain.

Photo 5
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 6
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 7
Image by bogitw is in the public domain.

Photo 8
Image by RyanMcGuire is in the public domain.

The letters ee make a long e sound like in jeep.
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 9
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 10
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 11
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 12
Image by HebiFot is in the public domain.

Photo 13
Image by MIH83 is in the public domain.

Photo 14
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 15
Image by geralt is in the public domain.

Photo 16
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 17
Image by RyanMcGuire is in the public domain.

Photo 18
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 19
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 20
Image by HebiFot is in the public domain.

Photo 21
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 22
Image by bogitw is in the public domain.

Val’s Garden

Box of vegetables
Image by condesign is in the public domain.

New
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

City
Image by geralt is in the public domain.

Vegetables
Vegetables salad mandolin root vegetables by Le living and co is used under the CC BY 2.0 license.

Woman
Image by ErikaWittlieb is in the public domain.

sidewalk
Image by Pat Pilon is used under the CC BY 2.0 license.

carrots
Image by jackmac34 is in the public domain.

tomatoes
Image by nataliaaggiato is in the public domain.

beans
Image by young_amyc is in the public domain.

peas
Image by PublicDomainPictures is in the public domain.

talk
Image by mikegi is in the public domain.

family
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

door
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

carrot
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

carrots
Image by folkart101 is in the public domain.

bean
Four Bean Pod byUnited Soybean Board is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

beans
Image by young_amyc is in the public domain.

pea
one pea by Erich Ferdinand is used under a CC BY 2.0 license. 

peas
Plate of Peas by Kari Söderholm is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

egg or eggs?
Image by Mangoon is in the public domain.

rock or rocks?
Image by sarajuggernaut is in the public domain.

bug or bugs?
Image by Ben_Kerckx is in the public domain.

pen or pens?
Image by succo is in the public domain.

tree or trees?
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

rat or rats?
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

GM Food

Making GM food
Image by felixioncool is in the public domain.

Hard
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Cold
Image by PublicDomainPictures is in the public domain.

Weather
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Crop
Corn Fields by Don Graham is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

Rain
weather symbols By  is in the public domain.

Fruits
Image by jarmoluk is in the public domain.

Sold
Image by tkoch is in the public domain.

Change
Image by aleksandra85foto is in the public domain.

Company
Image by Texas A&M University-Commerce Marketing Communications Photography is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

Help
Image by SurFeRGiRL30 is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

Bird
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Test
Student writing by  is in the public domain.

The letters dr in drip are a blend.
Image by tpsdave is in the public domain.

Clap
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Frog
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Step
Image by Unsplash is in the public domain.

Plum
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Drum
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Stop
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Club
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Crib
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Star
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Flag
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Crab
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Stem
Stem morphology type scape by RoRo is in the public domain.

Tomatoes

Tomatoes
Image by byrev is in the public domain.

South America
World map depicting South America by Central Intelligence Agency is in the public domain.

Europe
Map of Europe by Ssolbergj is used under a CC BY SA 3.0 license.

Doctor
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

World
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Sauce
Image by Catkin is in the public domain.

Soup
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Juice
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Salsa
Fresh Salsa by Jon sullivan is in the public domain.

Ketchup
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Leaf
Image by Alexas_Fotos is in the public domain.

Stem
Stem morphology type scape by RoRo is in the public domain.

Space
Image by DasWortgewand is in the public domain.

Fight
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Spain
Flag map of Spain with Plus Ultra coat of arms by Soerfm is used under a CC BY SA 3.0 license.

Taste
concentrating on taste by lifescript is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

sh like ship
Image by martinme2d is in the public domain.

ch like chin
Image by Giuliamar is in the public domain.

th like thumb
Image by niekverlaan is in the public domain.

ck like sock
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 1
Image by skeeze is in the public domain.

Photo 2
Clochoderick Stone by Rosser1954 is in the public domain.

Photo 3
Image by stux is in the public domain.

Photo 4
Image by goiwara.

Photo 5
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 6
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 7
Image by rhae is in the public domain.

Photo 8
Image by geralt is in the public domain.

Photo 9
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 10
Image by MICHELLE ASHER is in the public domain.

Photo 11
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 12
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 13
Image by skeeze is in the public domain.

Photo 14
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 15
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 16
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Grow Your Own Tomatoes

Growing tomatoes
Tomato plant by Suzette is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

Potting soil
a handful by Pat Dumas is used under a CC BY NC SA 2.0 license.

Warm
Image by Unsplash is in the public domain.

Window
Image by lena1 is in the public domain.

Hour
Image by Unsplash is in the public domain.

Tie
Image by HebiFot is in the public domain.

Stick
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Colour
Image by inspiredimages is in the public domain.

Bottom
Image by PublicDomainPictures is in the public domain.

Canada’s Tallest Tree

Tall trees
Image by Unsplash is in the public domain.

Hunt
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Vancouver Island
Vancouver island relief is used under a CC BY SA 3.0 license.

Logger
Logger working near Z Canyon by Seattle Municipal Archives is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

Path
Image by bertvthul is in the public domain.

Forest
Image by Bergadder is in the public domain.

Tall
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Awe
Image by Kevin Dooley is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

Park
Image by Unsplash is in the public domain.

Risk
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Down
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Cap
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Cape
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Kit
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Kite
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Rob
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Robe
bathrobe by David Ring is in the public domain.

Photo 1
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 2
1992 Canadian Dime (Reverse) by yaybiscuits123 is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

Photo 3
Image by sipa is in the public domain.

Photo 4
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Photo 5
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 6
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Photo 7
Image by geralt is in the public domain.

Photo 8
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Arctic Plants

Arctic poppies
Arctic Poppy by Ansgar Walk is used under a CC BY SA 3.0 license.

Arctic
Canadian Arctic Archipelago by Connormah is used under a CC BY SA 3.0 license.

Beautiful
Image by Bessi is in the public domain.

Winter
Image by jill111 is in the public domain.

Dark
Image by SplitShire is in the public domain.

Summer
Image by OpenClipartVectors is in the public domain.

Ice
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Water
Image by ronymichaud is in the public domain.

Heat
Image by A-r-e-s is in the public domain.

Together
Image by PublicDomainPictures is in the public domain.

Wind
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Willow
Image by ADD is in the public domain.

Poppy
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

Bright
Image by ClkerFreeVectorImages is in the public domain.

3

Bibliography

Gould, L. & Weiten, J. (1997). Ideas, activities, and exercises for fundamental level English. Vancouver: Basic Education Dept., Vancouver Community College.

School District No. 44. (1999). Reading 44: A core framework. North Vancouver, BC: Leo Marshall Curriculum Centre.

Wilson, B. A. (1996). Wilson reading system instructor manual. Oxford, MA: Wilson Language Training.

4

About the Author

Photo of ShantelShantel Ivits is an instructor in the Basic Education Department at Vancouver Community College, on the unceded territories of the Musqueam, Squamish, and Tsleil-Waututh Nations.

Shantel has designed curricula for the National Film Board of Canada, the British Columbia Teachers’ Federation, and many community-based projects.

Over the past decade, they have taught in literacy programs, university bridging programs, an ESL academy, and K-12 public schools.

They hold a Bachelor of Arts in English Literature from Trent University, as well as a Bachelor of Education and a Master of Arts in Educational Studies from the University of British Columbia.

Shantel identifies as a queer and trans person with white settler privilege. Their goal as an educator is to help people build their capacity to reach their goals and create more socially just communities.

Shantel also enjoys raising awareness that “they” can be used as a singular pronoun!

5

Versioning History

This page provides a record of edits and changes made to this book since its initial publication in the B.C. Open Textbook Collection. Whenever edits or updates are made in the text, we provide a record and description of those changes here. If the change is minor, the version number increases by 0.1. If the edits involve substantial updates, the version number increases to the next full number.

The files posted by this book always reflect the most recent version. If you find an error in this book, please fill out the Report an Open Textbook Error form.

Version Date Change Details
1.0 November 3, 2015 Added to the B.C. Open Textbook Collection.
1.1 September 28, 2018 The following changes were part of a project to standardize BCcampus-published books.
  • Added additional publication information
  • Updated copyright information
  • Renamed “About the book” to “About BCcampus Open Education” and updated the content
  • Added a Versioning History page
  • Updated tables to fix formatting issues